I., Alice, 1931-
Alice I. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4057) [videorecording] / interviewed by Yannis Thanassekos and Michel Rosenfeldt, October 21, 1996.
Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1996.
Videotape testimony of Alice I., who was born in Rhodes, Italy (presently Greece), a twin and one of five children. She recounts her family's orthodoxy; their affluence; cordial relations with Italians; attending an Italian school; expulsion in 1938 due to racial laws; attending a clandestine school; many Jews emigrating; her two older sisters living with uncles in Brussels and Paris; Allied bombings; her sisters returning because her uncles believing it safer in Rhodes; living in Ialysos for a month to escape bombings; German occupation; round-up in July 1943; a friend (an Italian officer) offering to hide her, her twin brother, and younger sister; her mother refusing, wanting to keep the family together; Italian priests and nuns bringing them food; transfer to Piraeus, then to Haidari; her teacher's death; deportation with her family by cattle car to Auschwitz/Birkenau in September 1944; separation by gender; selection with her mother, brother, and younger sister; a German moving her to the group with her older sisters; the older of her sisters protecting them; forming a group with other Rhodians, including her cousins; the death of the younger of her sisters; her older sister's hospitalization; sleeping with her until the doctor would not allow it (she never saw her sister again); and a Greek prisoner helping her join a group for transfer in November.
Ms. I recalls slave labor in Landsberg; public hangings; remaining with her Rhodian group; transfer to Dachau for a day, then to Türkheim; her group obtaining privileged assignments in the kitchen and the Kommandant's house; assistance from the Kommandant's wife; a Red Cross visit; transfer back to Landsberg; a death march to Dachau, then Allach; supporting each other; liberation by United States troops days later; an American physician who had known her mother, caring for her; repatriation to Bolzano with her group; traveling with friends to Bologna, then Florence; assistance from the Joint; her uncle from Paris (he had survived in hiding) coming to get her; living with his family in Saint-Vincent, then Paris; antisemitic harassment in school; meeting her future husband, a former Rhodian who was living in Zaire (Congo); joining him in Africa; marriage, the births of three children; and moving to Brussels in 1959. Ms. I. discusses the importance to survival of prisoners helping each other; pervasive fear in the camps; singing songs to raise their morale; depression upon liberation, realizing her losses and being the sole survivor of her immediate family; her husband and children giving her the sense of rebuilding a family; not sharing her story with her children; her grandchildren's interest; a painful visit to Rhodes with them; and the impossibility of conveying the horror of the camps in films.
This testimony is in French.
Alice I. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4057). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
I., Alice, 1931-
Haidari (Concentration camp) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2014160195
Auschwitz (Concentration camp) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n96112360
Birkenau (Concentration camp) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no96068007
Landsberg (Concentration camp) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2002116039
Türkheim (Concentration camp) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2014117696
Dachau (Concentration camp) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no96065344
Allach (Concentration camp) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2003101986
International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nr91029304
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n50079799
Holocaust survivors. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85061527
Video tapes. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85143214
Women. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85147274
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Personal narratives. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85061518
World War, 1939-1945 -- Personal narratives, Jewish. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85148465
World War, 1939-1945 -- Children. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85148359
Jewish children in the Holocaust. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh96005877
Sisters. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85123008
Concentration camp inmates -- Family relationships.
Concentration camps -- Songs and music.
Concentration camps -- Psychological aspects. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85029590
Forced labor. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85050453
Death marches. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh95006384
World War, 1939-1945 -- Atrocities. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85148285
Italy. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79021783
Rhodes (Greece : Island) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85113742
Ialysos (Greece) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2005004089
Piraeus (Greece) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n82080083
Bolzano (Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n80001313
Bologna (Italy) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79021394
Florence (Italy) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79027120
Saint-Vincent (Italy) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n80005163
Paris (France) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79058874
Congo (Democratic Republic) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n80061022
Oral histories (document genres) aat http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300202595
Child survivors.
Antisemitism -- Prewar.
Aid by non-Jews.
Mutual aid.
Postwar experiences.
Postwar effects.
Antisemitism -- Postwar.
Survivor-child relations.
Rosenfeldt, Michel, interviewer.
Thanassekos, Yannis, interviewer. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n80110927
Philadelphia Area Center for History of Science
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