Consortium for History of Science, Technology and Medicine
Search Results for Sargent exactWallace exactLeslie exactWilliam exact1935 exact2012 in subject [X]
Results: 7 Items  Page: 1
Format
Subject
Interviews (7)
Transcripts (7)
Cosmology (6)
Astronomy (4)
Galaxies (4)
Sandage, Allan (4)
Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012- (4)
Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 (4)
Huchra, John P (3)
Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012 (3)
Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 (2)
Dark matter (Astronomy) (2)
Geller, Margaret J (2)
Inflationary universe (2)
Large scale structure (Astronomy) (2)
Ostriker, J. P (2)
Palomar Observatory (2)
Aarseth, S. J (1)
Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (1)
Asteroids -- Research (1)
Astronomical photometry (1)
Astronomy -- 20th century (1)
Astronomy -- Observations (1)
Astrophysics -- History (1)
California Institute of Technology (1)
California Institute of Technology -- Faculty (1)
California Institute of Technology -- Graduate students (1)
California Institute of Technology -- Study and teaching (1)
California Institute of Technology. -- Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy (1)
Cepheids (1)
Cosmic background radiation (1)
Couch, Warrick J., -- 1954- (1)
De Vaucouleurs, Gâerard, -- 1918-1995 (1)
Demarque, Pierre (1)
Ellis, Richard S. (Richard Salisbury), 1950- (1)
Farber, Sandra (1)
Field, George B., -- 1929- (1)
Freeman, Kenneth C (1)
Galaxies -- Clusters (1)
Galaxies -- Evolution (1)
Greenstein, Jesse L. -- (Jesse Leonard), -- 1909-2002- (1)
Harvard University (1)
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (1)
Hoyle, Fred, -- 1915-2001 (1)
Hubble, Edwin, -- 1889-1953 (1)
International Astronomical Union (1)
King, Ivan R (1)
Kirshner, Robert P., -- 1949- (1)
Kitt Peak National Observatory (1)
Kron, Richard G (1)
1Title:  Oral history interview with Wallace Leslie William Sargent, 1975 June 10   
 Creator:  Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012 | Weart, Spencer R., 1942- 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audio or video tapes. Interview conducted as part of the Sources for History of Modern Astrophysics (SHMA) project. Interview conducted by Spencer Weart on 10 June 1975. Preliminary discussions of some important developments in astronomy, from stellar evolution and stellar interiors to the evolution and structure of galaxies and their importance for understanding the cosmological problem. Comments on optical astronomy, television finding and image tubes. The Palomar Sky Survey; comments on Fritz Zwicky. Changes in the social environment, competition and publication. Thoughts on the future of astronomy research. 
 Extent:  1 1 (1.0 
 Subjects:  Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012 | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | Astronomy | Astrophysics -- History | Cosmology | Galaxies | Stars -- Evolution | Stars -- Structure | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts | Palomar Sky Survey

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
 View Full Record 
2Title:  Oral history interview with Wallace L. W. Sargent, 2003 February 12 and 13   
 Creator:  Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012 | McCray, Patrick (W. Patrick) 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audiovisual materials. Interview conducted by W. Patrick McCray at Pasadena, California on 12 and 13 February 2003. A biographical interview with Wal Sargent. An effort was made not to focus on topics covered in previous interviews. The focus is on childhood and schooling and various professional appointments as well as discussion of atmosphere and research at Caltech; interest in elemental abundances and B2FH paper. Personal research at Caltech including work on QSO and research with Peter Young; extensive discussion on the use of telescopes including learning to observe and use of Image Photon Counting System in the 1970s and1980s. Role of serendipity in science and WS's interest in astronomical peculiarities. Also includes discussion of Sargent's personal interests including music and sports (especially sumo wrestling). 
 Extent:  95 
 Subjects:  Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012 | Young, Peter | Palomar Observatory | California Institute of Technology. -- Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy | California Institute of Technology -- Faculty | Astronomy | Serendipity in science | Telescopes | Interviews | Oral histories | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
 View Full Record 
3Title:  Oral history interview with Wallace Sargent, 1989 January 20   
 Creator:  Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012- | Lightman, Alan P., 1948- 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audiovisual materials. Interview conducted by Alan P. Lightman on 20 January 1989. Interview is part of Cosmology Interview Project series. Interview discusses Wallace Sargent's parental background; influence and encouragement from mother; early schooling in England: technical schools versus academic schools; influence of reading The Children's Encyclopedia at age 10; decision to go beyond trade school; influence of Fred Hoyle's radio broadcasts on astronomy in the late 1940s; Sargent's becoming antireligious; education at Manchester; early theoretical work at Manchester; ability at pattern recognition and recognition of spectra; early preference for steady state model and reasons for that preference; "dark-time" people versus "bright-time" people among astronomical observers; early interests in peculiar spectra: A stars and then Seyfert galaxies; influence of Fritz Zwicky and work on Zwicky compact galaxies; career at Royal Greenwich Observatory (RGO) and University of California, San Diego; work on high star formation in small galaxies and Seyfert galaxies; training of observational astronomers and recent lack of hands-on experience; specialization of abilities; Sargent's motivation in choosing problems to work on; criteria of observers in selecting problems; attitudes toward the horizon and flatness problems; change in attitude toward the flatness problem after the inflationary universe model; attitude toward the inflationary universe model; reaction to de Lapparent, Geller, and Huchra's work on large-scale inhomogeneities and importance of similar work done earlier by Gregory, Thompson, and others; belief in large-scale homogeneity by reason of the cosmic background radiation; work on Lyman alpha clouds; working relationship of theory and observation in cosmology; seriousness of theories of the very early universe; outstanding problems in cosmology: dark matter; ideal design of the universe; question of whether the universe has a point. 
 Extent:  20 
 Subjects:  Geller, Margaret J | Hoyle, Fred, -- 1915-2001 | Huchra, John P | Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012- | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | Royal Greenwich Observatory | University of California, San Diego | University of Manchester | Astronomy | Astronomy -- Observations | Cosmic background radiation | Cosmology | Dark matter (Astronomy) | Galaxies | Inflationary universe | Large scale structure (Astronomy) | Seyfert galaxies | Spectrum analysis | Stars -- Formation | Steady state cosmology | Interviews | Oral histories | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
 View Full Record 
4Title:  Oral history interview with Edwin Turner, 1988 February 15   
 Creator:  Turner, Edwin Lewis. | Lightman, Alan P., 1948- 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audiovisual materials. Interview conducted by Alan Lightman on 15 February 1988. Interview is part of Cosmology Interview Project series. Edwin Turner discusses his childhood experiences looking up at the stars; background of parents; encouragement and support of parents; early interest in science fiction and in history; childhood fascination with the scale of the universe; education at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); influence of Philip Morrison and Irwin Shapiro at MIT; preference for an open universe; dislike of missing mass that is invisible; scientific interests at MIT; graduate education at California Institute of Technology (Caltech); influence of Wallace Sargent; dislike of problem-set approach to education at Caltech; thesis work on dynamics of binary galaxies; influence of Ostriker-Peebles-Yahil work on dark matter and massive haloes in galaxies on Turner's observational thesis to measure masses of galaxies; interaction with Allan Sandage on philosophy of experimental science; Turner's surprise at finding dark matter in galaxies; community reaction to dark matter in 1975; continued belief in an open universe despite dark matter; history of N-body work on structure formation and correlation functions: influence of lecture by James Peebles, history of collaboration with Richard Gott and Sverre Aarseth; inability to measure omega by comparing N-body simulations with observations; reaction to inflationary universe model; reasons why the inflationary universe model has been so popular; Turner's reservations about the model; doing scientific projects because they can be done; introduction to and attitude toward the flatness problem; change in attitude after inflationary universe model; surprise at de Lapparent, Geller, and Huchra's results on large-scale inhomogeneities and its evidence for unknown processes: irrelevance of earlier work on correlation functions and lessening of Turner's expectations for what can be accomplished in cosmology; fear that cosmologists are heading in the wrong direction and underestimating the complexity of reality; use of imagery in science; interplay of theory and observation in cosmology and the divergence of the two; worry that we may have several untestable scenarios for the early universe; possible inability to reconstruct the history of the early universe; ideal design of the universe and desire for a rich and accessible universe; question of whether the universe has a point. 
 Extent:  21 
 Subjects:  Aarseth, S. J | Geller, Margaret J | Huchra, John P | Morrison, Philip | Ostriker, J. P | Peebles, P. J. E. -- (Phillip James Edwin) | Sandage, Allan | Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012- | Shapiro, Irwin I | Turner, Edwin Lewis | California Institute of Technology | Massachusetts Institute of Technology | Cosmology | Dark matter (Astronomy) | Galaxies | Inflationary universe | Large scale structure (Astronomy) | Interviews | Oral histories | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
 View Full Record 
5Title:  Oral history interview with Robert P. Kirshner, 2007 August 3   
 Creator:  Kirshner, Robert P., 1949- | Pavlish, Ursula Rattay 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audiovisual materials. Interview conducted by Ursula Pavlish on 3 August 2007. In this interview Robert Kirshner discusses: Hubble's work with Cepheid variable stars in the 1920s, Zwicky began study of supernovae, taking spectra and photometric measurements, Baade continued this work through the 1960s at Mount Wilson Observatory, Olen Wilson also contributed. Supernovae as standard candles and as direct test of the expansion hypothesis, pointed out very early. Charles Cowall and Wall Sargeant continue Zwicky's work at Palomar, Cowall authoring an article on how supernovae may be an important way to measure cosmic distances and even cosmic deceleration. The cosmological constant as 'high-brow' thing, from Einstein. Alan Sandage's theoretical article of 1961 on exponential acceleration an influence later. Possibility of galaxies as standard candles. Classification of Type Ib supernovae, in 1984-1986, which are core collapses, not thermonuclear explosions like the Ia, cleaning out the Ia sample as well, done by Kirshner, Craig Wheeler, and David Branch. Rudolph Minkowski in the 1940s had already separated out the Type II, which had hydrogen lines and not as bright as Ia. Kirshner takes over Cowall's job at Palomar where he discovered supernovae using the 18-inch Schmidt telescope in 1971. In 1972 Cowall discovered the brightest supernova yet, and Kirshner studied that as well as invented a method for finding the distance to Type II supernovae to do cosmology, the so-called expanding photosphere method, both in his thesis. Robert Wagner, Ramish Ryan also contributed to that work on Type IIs. Kirshner's work in various aspects extragalactic astronomy, observational cosmology: galaxy surveys to measure galaxy custering and Omega_Matter, and the luminosity function of galaxies. Mark Phillips' discovery that bright supernovae had broader light curves than dim supernovae, named the 'delta m_15' method. Kirshner's notification, by Brian Marsden of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) circulars, of the discovery of a twenty-first magnitude supernova by a Danish team collaboration with Richard Ellis, Warrick Couch; thus beginning of doing cosmology with supernovae and other topics. 
 Extent:  42 
 Subjects:  Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 | Couch, Warrick J., -- 1954- | Ellis, Richard S. (Richard Salisbury), 1950- | Hubble, Edwin, -- 1889-1953 | Kirshner, Robert P., -- 1949- | Marsden, Brian G | Minkowski, Rudolph Leo Bernhard, 1895-1976 | Sandage, Allan | Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012 | Wilson, Olin, C., -- 1909-1994 | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | International Astronomical Union | Mount Wilson Observatory | Palomar Observatory | Cepheids | Cosmology | Galaxies | Galaxies -- Clusters | Spectrum analysis | Supernovae | Interviews | Oral histories | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
 View Full Record 
6Title:  Oral history interview with Beatrice M. Tinsley, 1977 June 14   
 Creator:  Tinsley, Beatrice M. | DeVorkin, David H., 1944- 
 Notes:  Interview conducted by David DeVorkin, 14 June 1977. Interview conducted as part of the Sources for History of Modern Astrophysics (SHMA) project. Covers the origins and development of a conference on the evolution of galaxies held at Yale University in 1977 and organized by a committee chaired by B. Tinsley. The topics discussed at the conference and their implications for cosmology are covered, as well as indications of problems yet to be solved. Also prominently mentioned are: Wilhelm Heinrich Walter Baade, Pierre Demarque, Sandra Faber, George Brooks Field, Ken Freeman, Ivan Robert King, Richard Kron, Richard Larson, R. D. McClure, Jeremiah P. Ostriker, Martin J. Rees, Edwin Ernest Salpeter, Allan Sandage, Wallace Leslie William Sargent, Gerard Henri de Vaucouleurs; Kitt Peak National Observatory, and Yale Conference on Cosmology (1977). 
 Extent:  17 
 Subjects:  Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 | Rees, Martin J., -- 1942- | Salpeter, Edwin E | Kitt Peak National Observatory | Yale University | Yale Conference on Cosmology (1977 : New Haven, Conn.) | Astronomy | Cosmology | Galaxies -- Evolution | Women in science | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts | Demarque, Pierre | Farber, Sandra | Field, George B., -- 1929- | Freeman, Kenneth C | King, Ivan R | Kron, Richard G | Larson, Richard | McClure, Robert D | Ostriker, J. P | Sandage, Allan | Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012- | De Vaucouleurs, Gâerard, -- 1918-1995

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
 View Full Record 
7Title:  Oral history interview with John P. Huchra, 2002 February 14, 15 and June 25   
 Creator:  Huchra, John P. | McCray, Patrick (W. Patrick) 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audiovisual materials. Interview conducted by Patrick McCray in Cambridge, Massachusetts on February 14 and 15, and June 25, 2002. Among the topics discussed: his childhood and early education; his college years at MIT and California Institute of Technology; the effects of the Vietnam war on his young life; his classmates at Caltech; the Apollo moon landing; learning to use a telescope; astronomers poaching off others' work; his skills with a telescope; his discoveries of various asteroids; his early days at Center for Astrophysics; his work in photometry of galaxies and measuring red shifts; his job search after his post-doc position; commissioning the Multiple Mirror Telescope (MMT); the Multi-Conjugate Adaptive Optics system (MCAO); the demographics of astronomers; funding and growth in the field of astronomy. The second session focuses on his tenure as associate director of Cambridge Center for Astrophysics; comments on structure and organization of CFA, its strengths and weaknesses; the relations between CFA and Harvard and the class structure at Harvard among the scientists; challenges facing AURA; challenges facing the US National Observatory and AURA. The interview concludes with his thoughts on research on dark energy, dark matter, cosmology and his preference for a particular cosmological model. Also discusses religion, time, and cosmology. Some of the prominently mentioned names include: Jesse Greenstein, Allan Sandage, Wal Sargent, Fritz Zwicky. 
 Extent:  230 
 Subjects:  Greenstein, Jesse L. -- (Jesse Leonard), -- 1909-2002- | Huchra, John P | Sandage, Allan | Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012- | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy | California Institute of Technology -- Graduate students | California Institute of Technology -- Study and teaching | Harvard University | Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics | Massachusetts Institute of Technology -- Students | Multiple Mirror Telescope Observatory | Asteroids -- Research | Astronomical photometry | Astronomy -- 20th century | Cosmology | Red shift | Telescopes -- Technical innovations | Interviews | Oral histories | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
 View Full Record