Historical Perspectives On Contemporary Issues
Eric Hintz — American Independent Inventors in an Era of Corporate R&D
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In this episode of Perspectives, we speak with Eric Hintz, author of American Independent Inventors in an Era of Corporate R&D.
In his book, Eric Hintz describes how American independent inventors continued to innovate after the so-called "Golden Era of Invention" of the mid-to-late 19th century. Hintz argues that, while the first half of the twentieth century saw the rise of corporate R&D that internalized invention within large firms, independent inventors such as Chester Carlson, Samuel Ruben, and others continued to develop important technologies outside of the corporate structure. However, large firms did not always compete or try to do away with independent inventors; indeed, they often collaborated with independent inventors when they could not produce useful or profitable technologies in-house. Hintz discusses the importance of the American patent system for the viability of invention, and notes the ways in which women and African-American inventors were able to use the patent system to not only profit from their creations, but also bolster their arguments for equal rights. Dr. Hintz ends by noting that the independent inventor is still alive and well in American society in the 21st century, especially in the areas of computing and biotechnology.
To cite this podcast, please use footnote:
Eric Hintz, interview, Perspectives, Consortium for History of Science, Technology and Medicine, September 9, 2021, https://www.chstm.org/video/128.
Eric Hintz is a historian with the Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History.
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Some archival materials related to this topic include:
Elihu Thomson Papers, American Philosophical Society
Elmer Ambrose Sperry Papers, Hagley Museum & Library
Hudson Maxim Papers, Hagley Museum & Library
DuPont Company Advertising Department Collection of Graphic Materials, Hagley Museum & Library
Directors of Industrial Research Records, Hagley Museum & Library
National Association of Manufacturers Photographs and A/V Materials, Hagley Museum & Library
Samuel Ruben Papers, Science History Institute
See also recent work by our fellows: