Consortium for History of Science, Technology and Medicine
Search Results for Schwarzschild exactK exactKarl exact1873 exact1916 in subject [X]
Results: 12 Items  Page: 1
Subject
Schwarzschild, K. -- (Karl), -- 1873-1916 (10)
Eddington, Arthur Stanley, -- Sir, -- 1882-1944 (8)
Interviews (8)
Transcripts (8)
Milne, Edward Arthur, -- 1896-1950 (5)
Russell, Henry Norris, -- 1877-1957 (5)
Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 (4)
Einstein, Albert, -- 1879-1955 (4)
Shapley, Harlow, -- 1885-1972 (4)
Struve, Otto, -- 1897-1963 (4)
Unsèold, Albrecht, -- 1905- (4)
Astrophysics (3)
Bohr, Niels, -- 1885-1962 (3)
Chandrasekhar, S. -- (Subrahmanyan), -- 1910-1995 (3)
Ehrenfest, Paul, -- 1880-1933 (3)
Grotrian, Walter (3)
Heisenberg, Werner, -- 1901-1976 (3)
Hertzsprung, Ejnar, -- 1873-1967 (3)
Hoyle, Fred, -- 1915-2001 (3)
Hubble, Edwin, -- 1889-1953 (3)
Hulst, H. C. van de -- (Hendrik Christoffel), -- 1918- (3)
Laue, Max von, -- 1879-1960 (3)
Oort, Jan Hendrik (3)
Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia, -- 1900-1979- (3)
Planck, Max, -- 1858-1947 (3)
Science -- History (3)
Sommerfeld, Arnold, -- 1868-1951 (3)
Stars -- Structure (3)
Universitèat Mèunchen (3)
Wildt, Rupert (3)
Yerkes Observatory (3)
èOpik, Ernst Julius, -- 1893- (3)
Astronomy (2)
Astrophysics -- History (2)
Bok, Bart J. -- (Bart Jan), -- 1906-1983 (2)
Born, Max, -- 1882-1970 (2)
Chandrasekhar, S. -- (Subrahmanyan), -- 1910-1995- (2)
Courant, Richard, -- 1888-1972 (2)
Debye, Peter J. W. -- (Peter Josef William), -- 1884-1966- (2)
Emden, Jacob Robert (2)
Franck, James, -- 1882-1964 (2)
Harvard College Observatory (2)
Heitler, Walter, -- 1904- (2)
Hydrogen ions (2)
International Astronomical Union (2)
Kapteyn, J. C. -- (Jacobus Cornelius), -- 1851-1922 (2)
Kienle, Hans (2)
Kramers, Hendrik Anthony, -- 1894-1952 (2)
Kuiper, Gerard P. -- (Gerard Peter), -- 1905-1973 (2)
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Fèorderung der Wissenschaften (2)
1Title:  Truth and beauty : aesthetics and motivations in science / S. Chandrasekhar.   
 Creator:  Chandrasekhar, S. (Subrahmanyan), 1910-1995. 
 Publication:  Chicago ; London : University of Chicago Press, 1987.  
 Extent:  x, 170 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 24 cm 
 Subjects:  Science - Esthetics | Physics - Philosophy | Motivation | Milne, Edward Arthur, 1896-1950. | Eddington, Arthur Stanley, Sir, 1882-1944. | Schwarzschild, K. (Karl), 1873-1916.

 
Collection:  Wellcome Collection 
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2Title:  Truth and beauty: aesthetics and motivations in science   
 Creator:  Chandrasekhar, S. (Subrahmanyan), 1910- 
 Publication:  University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1987. 
 Notes:  Includes bibliographies. 
 Extent:  x, 170 p. : illus., ports., tables, charts ; 23 1/2 cm. 
 Subjects:  Milne, Edward Arthur, -- 1896-1950 | Eddington, Arthur Stanley, -- Sir, -- 1882-1944 | Schwarzschild, K. -- (Karl), -- 1873-1916 | Science -- Aesthetics | Physics -- Philosophy | Motivation (Psychology) | Science -- Philosophy

 
Collection:  American Philosophical Society 
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3Title:  Truth and beauty: aesthetics and motivations in science   
 Creator:  Chandrasekhar, S. (Subrahmanyan), 1910-1995 
 Publication:  University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1987. 
 Notes:  Gift of the Ronald C. Taylor Collection. Donated by Ming-Ying Wei and David K. Taylor. Includes bibliographies. 
 Extent:  x, 170 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. 
 Subjects:  Milne, Edward Arthur, -- 1896-1950 | Eddington, Arthur Stanley, -- Sir, -- 1882-1944 | Schwarzschild, K. -- (Karl), -- 1873-1916 | Science -- Aesthetics | Physics -- Philosophy | Motivation (Psychology)

 
Collection:  University of Oklahoma 
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4Title:  K.(Karl) Schwarzschild papers, 1892-1916   
 Creator:  Schwarzschild, K. (Karl), 1873-1916 
 Publication:  American Philosophical Society 1892-1916 
 Extent:  28 microfilm_reel(s) 
 Subjects:  Astronomy. | Astrophysics. | Emden, Jacob Robert, 1862-1940 | Gombrich, K. | Guanenti, B. | Hertzsprung, Ejnar, 1873-1967 | Klein, Felix, 1849-1925 | Oppenheim, D. | Physics. | Schwarzschild, K. (Karl), 1873-1916 | Seelig, Hugo, 1849-1924 | Villiger, W.

 
Collection:  American Philosophical Society 
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5Title:  Oral history interview with Paul Sophus Epstein, 1962 May 25, 26 and June 2   
 Creator:  Epstein, Paul S. (Paul Sophus), 1883-1966 | Heilbron, J. L. 
 Notes:  Remastered recordings and loan copies available at the American Philosophical Society. Interview conducted by John L. Heilbron, 25, 26 May and 2 June 1962. Interview conducted as part of the Archives for History of Quantum Physics (AHQP) project. Part of the Archives for the History of Quantum Physics oral history collection, which includes tapes and transcripts of oral history interviews conducted with circa 100 atomic and quantum physicists. Subjects discuss their family backgrounds, how they became interested in physics, their educations, people who influenced them, their careers including social influences on the conditions of research, and the state of atomic, nuclear, and quantum physics during the period in which they worked. Discussions of scientific matters relate to work that was done between approximately 1900 and 1930, with an emphasis on the discovery and interpretations of quantum mechanics in the 1920s. Also prominently mentioned are: Niels Henrik David Bohr, Arthur Compton, Peter Josef William Debye, Carl Henry Eckart, Paul Ehrenfest, Albert Einstein, Peter Paul Ewald, Folsom, Kasterin, Felix Klein, Hendrik Anthony Kramers, Max Theodor Felix von Laue, Petr Nikolayevich Lebedev, Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Robert Andrews Millikan, Walther Nernst, John William Nicholson, Max Planck, Adalbert Wojciech Rubinowicz, Erwin Schrèodinger, Karl Schwarzschild, Arnold Sommerfeld, Johannes Stark, Timiriazev, Umov, Theodore von Kâarmâan, Wagner, Hermann Weyl; California Institute of Technology, Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden, Universitèat Leipzig, University of Moscow, and Universitèat Munich. 
 Extent:  33 
 Subjects:  Bohr, Niels, -- 1885-1962 | Compton, Arthur Holly, -- 1892-1962 | Debye, Peter J. W. -- (Peter Josef William), -- 1884-1966- | Eckart, Carl, -- 1902-1973 | Ehrenfest, Paul, -- 1880-1933 | Einstein, Albert, -- 1879-1955 | Epstein, Paul S. -- (Paul Sophus), -- 1883-1966 | Ewald, Paul Peter, -- 1888-1985 | Klein, Felix, -- 1849-1925 | Kramers, Hendrik Anthony, -- 1894-1952 | Laue, Max von, -- 1879-1960 | Lebedev, P. N. -- (Petr Nikolaevich), -- 1866-1912 | Lorentz, H. A. -- (Hendrik Antoon), -- 1853-1928 | Millikan, Robert Andrews, -- 1868-1953 | Nernst, Walther, -- 1864-1941 | Nicholson, John William, -- b. 1881 | Planck, Max, -- 1858-1947 | Rubinowicz, Wojciech | Schrèodinger, Erwin, -- 1887-1961 | Schwarzschild, K. -- (Karl), -- 1873-1916 | Sommerfeld, Arnold, -- 1868-1951 | Stark, Johannes, -- 1874-1957 | Von Kâarmâan, Theodore, -- 1881-1963 | Weyl, Hermann, -- 1885-1955 | California Institute of Technology | Moskovskiæi gosudarstvennyæi universitet im. M.V. Lomonosova | Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden | Universitèat Leipzig | Universitèat Mèunchen | Atomic theory | Nuclear physics | Quantum theory | Science -- History | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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6Title:  Oral history interview with Lise Meitner, 1963 May 12   
 Creator:  Meitner, Lise, 1878-1968 | Frisch, Otto Robert, 1904- | Kuhn, Thomas S. 
 Notes:  Remastered recordings and loan copies available at the American Philosophical Society. Interview conducted by Thomas S. Kuhn and O. R. Frisch, 12 May 1963. Interview conducted as part of the Archives for History of Quantum Physics (AHQP) project. This interview was conducted as part of the Archives for the History of Quantum Physics project, which includes tapes and transcripts of oral history interviews conducted with circa 100 atomic and quantum physicists. Subjects discuss their family backgrounds, how they became interested in physics, their educations, people who influenced them, their careers including social influences on the conditions of research, and the state of atomic, nuclear, and quantum physics during the period in which they worked. Discussions of scientific matters relate to work that was done between approximately 1900 and 1930, with an emphasis on the discovery and interpretations of quantum mechanics in the 1920s. Also prominently mentioned are: Max Abraham, Niels Henrik David Bohr, Ludwig Edvard Boltzmann, Max Born, Paul Ehrenfest, Albert Einstein, Emil Fischer, James Franck, Johannes Hans Wilhelm Geiger, Otto Hahn, Werner Heisenberg, Gustav Ludwig Hertz, Max Theodor Felix von Laue, Frederick Lindemann, Ernst Mach, Walther Nernst, Ida Noddack, Wilhelm Ostwald, Friedrich Paschen, Wolfgang Pauli, Max Planck, Ernest Rutherford, Karl Schwarzschild, Johannes Stark, Otto Stern, Wefelmeier, Carl Friedrich Weizsèacker, Wilhelm Wien; Universitèat Berlin, Solvay Congress, and Universitèat Wien. 
 Extent:  21 
 Subjects:  Bohr, Niels, -- 1885-1962 | Boltzmann, Ludwig, -- 1844-1906 | Born, Max, -- 1882-1970 | Cherwell, Frederick Alexander Lindemann, -- Viscount, -- 1886-1957 | Ehrenfest, Paul, -- 1880-1933 | Einstein, Albert, -- 1879-1955 | Franck, James, -- 1882-1964 | Hahn, Otto, -- 1879-1968 | Heisenberg, Werner, -- 1901-1976 | Hertz, Gustav, -- 1887- | Laue, Max von, -- 1879-1960 | Mach, Ernst, -- 1838-1916 | Meitner, Lise, -- 1878-1968 | Nernst, Walther, -- 1864-1941 | Pauli, Wolfgang, -- 1900-1958 | Planck, Max, -- 1858-1947 | Rutherford, Ernest, -- 1871-1937 | Schwarzschild, K. -- (Karl), -- 1873-1916 | Stark, Johannes, -- 1874-1957 | Stern, Otto, -- 1888-1969- | Weizsèacker, Carl Friedrich, -- Freiherr von, -- 1912-2007 | Wien, W. -- (Wilhelm), -- 1864-1928 | Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitèat Berlin | Universitèat Wien | Solvay Conference on Physics | Atomic theory | Nuclear physics | Quantum theory | Science -- History | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts | Abraham, Max, -- 1875-1922 | Fischer, Emil | Geiger, Hans, 1882- | Noddack, Ida, -- 1896-1978 | Ostwald, Wilhelm | Paschen, Friedrich

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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7Title:  Oral history interview with Harry Hemley Plaskett, 1978 March 29   
 Creator:  Plaskett, Harry Hemley, 1893- | DeVorkin, David H., 1944- 
 Notes:  Interview conducted by David DeVorkin, 29 March 1978. Interview conducted as part of the Sources for History of Modern Astrophysics (SHMA) project. Discussion of astronomers of greatest significance in recent history. Personal recollections of his father's (John Plaskett) associates: Karl Schwarzschild, Edward A. Milne, Arthur S. Eddington, Ejnar Hertzsprung, Joseph N. Lockyer, Alfred Fowler, Meghnad N. Saha, Henry N. Russell, Frank Schlesinger, Jan H. Oort, Edwin Hubble, Albrecht Unsèold, Bengt Strèomgren, Harlow Shapley, Walter Baade, George E. Hale, William H. Wright, Vesto M. Slipher. Also prominently mentioned are: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, Theodore Dunham, Jr., Jacobus C. Kapteyn, Norman Lockyer, Edward Arthur Milne, Edward Charles Pickering, Henry A. Rowland; Harvard College Observatory, Lick Observatory, and University of London Imperial College. 
 Extent:  18 
 Subjects:  Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 | Chandrasekhar, S. -- (Subrahmanyan), -- 1910-1995 | Dirac, P. A. M. -- (Paul Adrien Maurice), -- 1902-1984 | Eddington, Arthur Stanley, -- Sir, -- 1882-1944 | Fowler, William A | Hale, George Ellery, -- 1868-1938 | Hertzsprung, Ejnar, -- 1873-1967 | Hubble, Edwin, -- 1889-1953 | Kapteyn, J. C. -- (Jacobus Cornelius), -- 1851-1922 | Lockyer, Norman, -- Sir, -- 1836-1920 | Milne, Edward Arthur, -- 1896-1950 | Oort, Jan Hendrik | Pickering, Edward C. -- (Edward Charles), -- 1846-1919 | Plaskett, Harry Hemley, -- 1893- | Rowland, Henry Augustus, -- 1848-1901 | Russell, Henry Norris, -- 1877-1957 | Saha, Meghnad, -- 1893-1956 | Schlesinger, Frank, -- 1871-1943 | Schwarzschild, K. -- (Karl), -- 1873-1916 | Shapley, Harlow, -- 1885-1972 | Slipher, Vesto Melvin, -- 1875-1969 | Strèomgren, Bengt, -- 1908- | Unsèold, Albrecht, -- 1905- | Wright, William Hammond, -- 1871-1959 | Harvard College Observatory | Imperial College of Science and Technology | Lick Observatory | Astronomy | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts | Dunham, Theodore, 1897-1984 | Plaskett, Harry Hemley, -- 1893- | Plaskett, John Stanley, 1865-1941

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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8Title:  Oral history interview with Albrecht Unsèold, 1984 February 24   
 Creator:  Unsèold, Albrecht, 1905- | Harwit, Martin, 1931- 
 Notes:  Interview conducted by Martin Harwit, 24 February 1984. Munich during the 1920s, working with Arnold Sommerfeld and Gregor Wentzel. Comments on fellow students: Walter Heitler, Rudolf Peierls, and Helmuth Hèonl. Comments on Karl Schwarzschild (Gustav Mie and Hendrik van de Hulst) and Peter Debye. Comments on work with Henry N. Russell, Walter S. Adams relating to the chemical composition of the sun, spectra of the stars and on abundance of hydrogen in stars; Rupert Wildt's work in 1938 on the negative hydrogen ion. Guest professorship at Yerkes Observatory working with Otto Struve on Tau Scorpii; publication of his book, Physik der Sternatmosphèaren in 1938. Impressions of other astronomers: Cecelia Payne Gaposchkin, Edwin Milne, Harlow Shapley, Ernest èOpik, Fred Hoyle; reminiscing about his meeting with Arthur Eddington at University of Cambridge; the Chandrasekhar-Eddington confrontation; editor of Zeitschrift fèur Astronomie (Walter Grotrian, Emanuel J. von der Pahlen). Work on radio astronomy in Kiel, Theorie der Thermischen Radiofrequenzstrahlung article published after the War. Establishment of the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. Discussion of the controversial article in Physikalische Blèatter (1980). 
 Extent:  2 
 Subjects:  Adams, Walter S. -- (Walter Sydney) -- 1876-1956 | Chandrasekhar, S. -- (Subrahmanyan), -- 1910-1995- | Eddington, Arthur Stanley, -- Sir, -- 1882-1944 | Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia, -- 1900-1979- | Heitler, Walter, -- 1904- | Hoyle, Fred, -- 1915-2001 | Mie, Gustav Adolf Feodor Wilhelm Ludwig, -- 1868- | Milne, Edward Arthur, -- 1896-1950 | èOpik, Ernst Julius, -- 1893- | Peierls, Rudolf E. -- (Rudolf Ernst), -- 1907-1995 | Russell, Henry Norris, -- 1877-1957 | Schwarzschild, K. -- (Karl), -- 1873-1916 | Shapley, Harlow, -- 1885-1972 | Sommerfeld, Arnold, -- 1868-1951 | Struve, Otto, -- 1897-1963 | Unsèold, Albrecht, -- 1905- | Wentzel, Gregor, -- 1898-1978- | Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Fèorderung der Wissenschaften | Universitèat Mèunchen | University of Cambridge | Yerkes Observatory | Astrophysics | Hydrogen ions | Radio astronomy | Stars -- Spectra | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts | Sun | Grotrian, Walter | Hèonl, Helmut | Hulst, H. C. van de -- (Hendrik Christoffel), -- 1918- | Wildt, Rupert

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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9Title:  Oral history interview with Ludwig Franz Benedikt Biermann, 1978 June 23 and July 6   
 Creator:  Biermann, Ludwig, 1907-1986 | Gingerich, Owen. 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audio or video tapes. Interview conducted by Owen Gingerich, 23 June and 6 July 1978. Interview conducted as part of the Sources for History of Modern Astrophysics (SHMA) project. Overview of work in stellar interiors and plasma physics. Early interest in science; family background. Universitèat Gèottingen (Hans Kienle, Max Born, Richard Courant, James Franck), beginning in 1929; astrophysics as applied science; stellar models (Arthur S. Eddington); Bengt Strèomgren; Ludwig Prandtl; Mixing Length Theory; Ph.D. thesis on convection in stellar core; Karl Schwarzschild, Albrecht Unsèold, J. Robert Emden; Biermann updates Unsèold's solar model; work on the theory of sunspots after 1937; similarity of Schwarzschild's work; travels to Edinburgh and Cambridge (R. A. Sampson, George C. McVittie), 1933-1934; mixing wave length theory (Erika Bèohm Vitense); interest in solar corona; contact with Otto Struve, Walter Grotrian, Walter Baade, Hannes Alfvâen, Bengt Edlâen, Max Planck, Max von Laue, Peter Debye; the Berlin-Dahlem colloquia; von Laue stimulates Biermann's interest in cometary physics. Work in quantum mechanics, 1940-1950; contact with Niels Bohr, 1941; Biermann's first influences in plasma physics (Thomas G. Cowling); creation of magnetic fields in stars and stellar model with non-uniform rotation; World War II interrupts publication of research; influence of Karl Wurm; rocket flights to examine solar ultraviolet light (Julius Bartels), 1947. Work on comets, late 1940s; asked by Werner Heisenberg to set up astrophysics group in Gèottingen, 1947; work on gas tails of comets; study of solar corona (Eugene Parker); Fred Whipple's contributions to comet theory; Eleanore Trefftz. Work on controlled fusion, beginning 1957; duplication of classified research in U.S. Visiting professorship University of California, Berkeley, 1959-1960, contact with Georg von Hevesy. Later work on the origin of comets. 
 Extent:  44 
 Subjects:  Biermann, Ludwig, -- 1907-1986 | Bohr, Niels, -- 1885-1962 | Born, Max, -- 1882-1970 | Courant, Richard, -- 1888-1972 | Debye, Peter J. W. -- (Peter Josef William), -- 1884-1966- | Eddington, Arthur Stanley, -- Sir, -- 1882-1944 | Heisenberg, Werner, -- 1901-1976 | Laue, Max von, -- 1879-1960 | Planck, Max, -- 1858-1947 | Struve, Otto, -- 1897-1963 | Unsèold, Albrecht, -- 1905- | Universitèat Gèottingen | University of California, Berkeley | Astrophysics | Comets | Fusion | Geophysics | Plasma astrophysics | Quantum theory | Spectrum, solar | Stars -- Magnetic fields | Stars -- Structure | Sun -- Corona | Sun -- Internal structure | Sunspots | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts | Berlin-Dahlem Colloquia | Mixing Length Theory | Alfvâen, Hannes, -- 1908-1995 | Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 | Cowling, T. G. -- (Thomas George) | Edláen, Bengt | Emden, Jacob Robert | Franck, James, -- 1882-1964 | Grotrian, Walter | Hevesy, Georg von, -- 1885-1966 | Kienle, Hans | McVittie, George C. -- (George Cunliffe) | Parker, Eugene | Prandtl, Ludwig, 1875-1953 | Sampson, Ralph Allen | Schwarzschild, K. -- (Karl), -- 1873-1916 | Strèomgren, Bengt, -- 1908- | Vitense, Erica Bèohm | Whipple, Fred L. -- (Fred Lawrence), -- 1906-2004

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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10Title:  Oral history interview with Albrecht Unsèold, 1978 June 6   
 Creator:  Unsèold, Albrecht, 1905- | Gingerich, Owen. 
 Notes:  Interview conducted by Owen Gingerich, 6 June 1978. Interview conducted as part of the Sources for History of Modern Astrophysics (SHMA) project. Family background; education at Tèubingen University; thesis on the Schrèodinger Theory at Universitèat Mèunchen (1927), influence of Arnold Sommerfeld, Werner Heisenberg. Potsdam experiments inspired by Karl Schwarzschild, J. Robert Emden; Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium and curve of growth. Spent 1928 at Mt. Wilson. Return to Germany to teach physics during Depression; use of microphotometer, the Coude spectrograph; analysis of Tau Scorpii. Pre-war professorship at Yerkes Observatory with Otto Struve; line profile information, stellar composition. WW II return to Universitèat Kiel, star temperature detection, solar spectrum analysis, elements/energy production. Isolation and destruction of German physics, anti-German attitude. Remarks on history of science, views on contemporaries and astrophysical (radio) research; fate of correspondence. Also prominently mentioned are: Wilhelm Heinrich Walter Baade, Brueck, Robert Hooke, Hans Rosenberg, Henry Norris Russell, Erwin Schrèodinger, A. Wilkens; International Astronomical Union, Pèadagogische Hochschule "Karl Liebknecht" Wissenschaftlich-Technisches Zentrum, Universitèat Hamburg, Universitèat Kiel, and Universitèat Mèunchen. 
 Extent:  27 
 Subjects:  Adams, Walter S. -- (Walter Sydney), -- 1876-1956 | Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 | Chandrasekhar, S. -- (Subrahmanyan), -- 1910-1995 | Debye, Peter J. W. -- (Peter Josef William), -- 1884-1966 | Eddington, Arthur Stanley, -- Sir, -- 1882-1944 | Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia, -- 1900-1979- | Heisenberg, Werner, -- 1901-1976 | Heitler, Walter, -- 1904- | Hooke, Robert, -- 1635-1703 | Hoyle, Fred, -- 1915-2001 | Mie, Gustav Adolf Feodor Wilhelm Ludwig, -- 1868- | èOpik, Ernst Julius, -- 1893- | Peierls, Rudolf E. -- (Rudolf Ernst), -- 1907-1995 | Russell, Henry Norris, -- 1877-1957 | Schrèodinger, Erwin, -- 1887-1961 | Schwarzschild, K. -- (Karl), -- 1873-1916 | Shapley, Harlow, -- 1885-1972 | Sommerfeld, Arnold, -- 1868-1951 | Struve, Otto, -- 1897-1963 | Unsèold, Albrecht, -- 1905- | Wentzel, Gregor, -- 1898-1978 | International Astronomical Union | Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Fèorderung der Wissenschaften | Mount Wilson Solar Observatory | Universitèat Hamburg | Universitèat Kiel | Universitèat Mèunchen | Universitèat Tèubingen | University of Cambridge | Yerkes Observatory | Astrophysics | Hydrogen ions | Microphotometer | Quantum theory | Radio astronomy | Schrèodinger equation | Science -- History | Spectrograph | Spectrum analysis | Spectrum, solar | Stars -- Structure | Stars -- Temperature | Thermodynamic equilibrium | World War, 1939-1945 -- Science | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts | Brueck | Emden, Jacob Robert | Grotrian, Walter | Hohl, Helmuth | Milne, Edwin | Pahlen, Emanuel J. von der | Rosenberg, Hans | Hulst, H. C. van de -- (Hendrik Christoffel), -- 1918- | Wildt, Rupert | Wilkens, A | Kiel Observatory | Padagogische Hochschule "Karl Liebknecht" Wissenschaftlich-Technisches Zentrum

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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11Title:  Oral history interview with Adriaan J. Wesselink, 1977 September 23 and 1978 June 21   
 Creator:  Wesselink, Adriaan Jan, 1909-1995 | DeVorkin, David H., 1944- 
 Notes:  Interview conducted by David DeVorkin, 23 September 1977 and 21 June 1978. Interview conducted as part of the Sources for History of Modern Astrophysics (SHMA) project. Early life and family interests in Holland; study at the Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht; courses in mathematics, physics and astronomy; move to Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden in 1929 and contact with Ejnar Hertzsprung; work for Hertzsprung on variable stars; Hertzsprung's career; Jan Oort's lectures on galactic rotation; recollections of Willem de Sitter; Leiden in the 1930s; Paul Ehrenfest's colloquium series; continued research with Hertzsprung during the 1930s; contact with Gerard Kuiper; research on Delta Cephei, dynamical parallaxes, and energy distributions in stellar spectra; Leiden Ph.D. thesis, 1938; stellar pulsations; Lodewijk Woltjer; year at Yerkes Observatory, 1938-1939; relations with Kuiper; recollections of staff research at Yerkes; South Africa, 1939; recollections of Marcel Minnaert. Short discussion of Jacobus C. Kapteyn, including plans and execution of 1936 eclipse expedition to Russia; war years in Holland; Dutch astronomy in World War II; living conditions; postwar move to South Africa and various positions there; move to Yale University in 1964. Also prominently mentioned are: Edwin Eugene Aldrin, Nikolai Pavlovich Barabashov, Bart Jan Bok, Dirk Brouwer, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Christie, Pierre Demarque, Arthur Stanley Eddington, Albert Einstein, Louis Henyey, Edwin Powell Hubble, Ivan Robert King, Hendrik Anthony Kramers, Bertil Lindblad, Edward Arthur Milne, A. Nijland, L. S. Ornstein, Henry Norris Russell, Karl Schwarzschild, Martin Schwarzschild, Otto Struve, Thackeray, Hendrik Christoffell van de Hulst; Bethany Observatory, Finsen Radiation Institute, Leiden Southern Station, and Radcliffe Observatory. 
 Extent:  85 
 Subjects:  Barabashov, N. P. -- (Nikolai Pavlovich) | Bok, Bart J. -- (Bart Jan), -- 1906-1983 | Chandrasekhar, S. -- (Subrahmanyan), -- 1910-1995 | Eddington, Arthur Stanley, -- Sir, -- 1882-1944 | Ehrenfest, Paul, -- 1880-1933 | Einstein, Albert, -- 1879-1955 | Hertzsprung, Ejnar, -- 1873-1967 | Hubble, Edwin, -- 1889-1953 | Kapteyn, J. C. -- (Jacobus Cornelius), -- 1851-1922 | Kramers, Hendrik Anthony, -- 1894-1952 | Kuiper, Gerard P. -- (Gerard Peter), -- 1905-1973 | Milne, Edward Arthur, -- 1896-1950 | Minnaert, M. G. J. -- (Marcel Gilles Jozef), -- 1893-1970 | Oort, Jan Hendrik | Russell, Henry Norris, -- 1877-1957 | Schwarzschild, K. -- (Karl), -- 1873-1916 | Schwarzschild, Martin | Struve, Otto, -- 1897-1963 | Wesselink, Adriaan Jan, -- 1909-1995 | Radcliffe Observatory | Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden | Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht | Yale University | Yerkes Observatory | Astronomy | Astronomy -- Netherlands | Astrophysics -- History | Solar eclipses. -- 1936 | Galaxies | Mathematics | Parallax Stars | Pulsating stars | Stars -- Spectra | Variable stars | World War, 1939-1945 | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts | Aldrin, Edwin Eugene | Brouwer, Dirk, -- 1902- | Demarque, Pierre | Henyey, Louis George | King, Ivan R | Lindblad, Bertil | Nijland, A | Ornstein, L. S. -- (Leonard Salomon), -- 1880-1941 | Sitter, Willem de | Thackeray | Hulst, H. C. van de -- (Hendrik Christoffel), -- 1918- | Woltjer, Lodewijk, -- 1930- | Bethany Observatory | Finsen Radiation Institute | Leiden Southern Station

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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12Title:  Oral history interview with Martin Schwarzschild, 1977 March 10, June 3, December 16 and 1979 July 19   
 Creator:  Schwarzschild, Martin. | Weart, Spencer R., 1942- 
 Notes:  Interview conducted by Spencer Weart on March 10, June 3, December 16, 1977, and July 19, 1979 at Princeton University. Advance notice of two business days required to use audio or video tapes. Interview conducted as part of the Sources for History of Modern Astrophysics (SHMA) project. Life of his father, Karl Schwarzschild; father's scientific relationships in Gèottingen (Felix Klein, David Hilbert); move to Potsdam, 1909; relations with Potsdam and Berlin scientists (Albert Einstein, Karl Sommerfeld); father's Jewish background concealed. M. Schwarzschild's youth in Gèottingen and Berlin; early education, interest in astronomy and mathematics. Undergraduate at Gèottingen Universitèat (Hans Kienle, Richard Courant, Neugebauer), 1930-1933; graduate work at Gottingen Observatory, 1933-1935; his reaction to Nazism. Introduction to astrophysics (Arthur Eddington), interest in stellar interiors and stellar evolution; contacts with other astronomers from Gottingen Observatory (Otto Heckmann, Kienle, Rupert Wildt); comments on general relativity; interest in pulsating stars; leaves Gèottingen, 1936. Postdoctorate at Oslo (Svein Rosseland); Jan Oort, Ejnar Hertzsprung; mechanical analog computer for computations in astrophysics and celestial mechanics; comments on development of theory of stellar interiors, 1939-1950. To Harvard College Observatory (Harlow Shapley), 1938; C. Payne-Gaposchkin, Bart Bok; comparison of European and American observational style, social scene; Barbara Schwarzschild's difficulties as female astronomer; contacts with S. Chandrasekhar and other astronomers. Tour of the United States; visits Mt. Wilson Observatory (Wilhelm Baade, Rudolph Minkowski, Edwin Hubble, Milton Humason), 1940; Shapley's relationship with Mt. Wilson staff. Harvard (Fred Whipple), 1938-1941; Shapley as a leader; astronomy summer school at Harvard; work on Cepheid variables in M3 (Bok, Chandrasekhar); overall impact on Schwarzschild of Harvard period. Columbia University (Jan Schildt, I. I. Rabi), 1940-1942; difficulties there; origin and funding of Thomas Watson Astronomical Computing Center; discussion of cosmology in the late 1930s; contacts with physicists (Enrico Fermi). In U.S. Army, 1941-1945; enters as private, teaches math to recruits; refuses invitation to Los Alamos; transferred to Aberdeen Proving Ground, dissatisfaction there; to officers training school, does bombing analysis for Italian campaign. Work relating to stellar interiors and evolution, 1938-1946; nuclear energy source ideas (Hans Bethe, Fermi); Eddington, Gerard Kuiper, Chandrasekhar, G. Keller; German astronomers during World War II (Ludwig Biermann). Discussion of wife's career and her role in his career. Early ideas about red giants (èOpik, Herman Bondi, Fred Hoyle), 1946-1950. Work on acoustic wave energy transport (R. Richardson, Gold); work on chemical composition differences in stellar populations. To Princeton University (Spitzer, H. N. Russell), 1947; Project Matterhorn (start of bomb and fusion projects); relationship with Russell. Stellar evolution work in the 1950s; computer work (John Von Neumann, Richard Hèarm), mid-1950s; collaboration with Allan Sandage evolving a stellar model, 1952; computing towards red giants; observational cluster work, 1951; ages, metallicity, and the Big Bang; beginnings of "astrophysical" cosmology. Evolution theory after late 1950s; effect of computers on theoretical progress; relation of evolution theory to cosmology; general comments on his work in stellar evolution; interactions with Robert Dicke; views on cosmology, general relativity. Need for better solar convection work leads to use of balloons (James Van Allen); post-Sputnik funding; on cooperation with industry and engineers; Stratoscope II (Bob Danielson, Spitzer). Years advising the National Science Foundation, President's Science Advisory Committee, 1959-1976, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Von Neumann), to 1969; The International Astronomical Union, 1964-1970; American Asronomical Society, 1967-1973. Informal advisor to various observatories: Kitt Peak National Observatory, Mt. Wilson-Palomar Observatories, Carnegie Southern Observatory. Recent work on galactic structure. Reflects on importance of ethical standards; his feelings about religion and nature. 
 Extent:  201 
 Subjects:  Bethe, Hans A, -- (Hans Albrecht), -- 1906-2005- | Bok, Bart J. -- (Bart Jan), -- 1906-1983 | Chandrasekhar, S. -- (Subrahmanyan), -- 1910-1995- | Courant, Richard, -- 1888-1972 | Eddington, Arthur Stanley, -- Sir, -- 1882-1944 | Einstein, Albert, -- 1879-1955 | Fermi, Enrico, -- 1901-1954 | Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia, -- 1900-1979- | Hertzsprung, Ejnar, -- 1873-1967 | Hilbert, David, -- 1862-1943 | Hoyle, Fred, -- 1915-2001 | Hubble, Edwin, -- 1889-1953 | Kuiper, Gerard P. -- (Gerard Peter), -- 1905-1973 | Oort, Jan Hendrik | Rabi, I. I. -- (Isidor Isaac), -- 1898-1988 | Russell, Henry Norris, -- 1877-1957 | Sandage, Allan | Schwarzschild, K. -- (Karl), -- 1873-1916 | Schwarzschild, Martin | Shapley, Harlow, -- 1885-1972 | Spitzer, Lyman, -- 1914-1997 | Von Neumann, John, -- 1903-1957 | Whipple, Fred L. -- (Fred Lawrence), -- 1906-2004 | Columbia University | Columbia University. -- Thomas Watson Computing Center | Harvard College Observatory | Harvard University | International Astronomical Union | Kitt Peak National Observatory | National Science Foundation (U.S.) | Palomar Observatory | Princeton University | United States. -- National Aeronautics and Space Administration | United States. -- President's Science Advisory Committee | Universitèat Gèottingen | Antisemitism | Astrophysics -- History | Balloons in astronomy | Big bang theory | Bombs -- Research | Cepheids -- Research | Computers -- Technological innovations | Cosmology | Electronic analog computers | Manhattan Project (U.S.) | Mechanics, Celestial | National socialism -- Germany | Nuclear energy | Red giants | Relativity (Physics) | Variable stars | Stars -- Evolution | Stars -- Research | Stars -- Structure | Stars. -- Atmospheres | Women scientists | World War, 1939-1945 -- Science | Women in science | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts | Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 | Biermann, Ludwig Franz Benedikt | Bondi, Hermann | Danielson, Bob | Dicke, Robert H. -- (Robert Henry) | Gold | Hèarm, Richard | Heckmann, Otto | Humason, Milton L. -- (Milton La Salle), -- 1891-1972 | Keller, Geoffrey | Kienle, Hans | Klein, Felix | Minkowski, Rudolph Leo Bernhard, 1895-1976 | Neugebauer, Otto | èOpik, Ernst Julius, -- 1893- | Richardson, Robert | Rosseland, Svein, -- 1894-1985 | Schildt, Jan | Schwarzschild, Barbara | Sommerfeld, Karl | Van Allen, James A. -- (James Alfred), -- 1914-2006 | Wildt, Rupert | Astronomy -- Study and teaching

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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