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Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 (22)
Interviews (20)
Transcripts (20)
California Institute of Technology (13)
Astronomy (10)
Cosmology (8)
Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 (7)
Palomar Observatory (7)
Greenstein, Jesse L. -- (Jesse Leonard), -- 1909-2002- (6)
World War, 1939-1945 -- Science (6)
Galaxies (5)
Hubble, Edwin, -- 1889-1953 (5)
Sandage, Allan (5)
Hale Observatories (4)
Harvard University (4)
Minkowski, Rudolph Leo Bernhard, 1895-1976 (4)
Princeton University (4)
Red shift (4)
Stars -- Evolution (4)
Townes, Charles H (4)
Wooldridge, Dean E (4)
Anderson, Carl D. -- (Carl David), -- 1905-1991- (3)
Astronomical observatories (3)
Astronomical photometry (3)
Astrophysics -- History (3)
Babcock, Horace W (3)
Bell Telephone Laboratories (3)
Bowen, Ira Sprague, -- 1898-1973 (3)
Carnegie Institution of Washington (3)
Cepheids (3)
Chandrasekhar, S. -- (Subrahmanyan), -- 1910-1995 (3)
Dark matter (Astronomy) (3)
De Vaucouleurs, Gâerard, -- 1918-1995 (3)
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (3)
Huchra, John P (3)
Kitt Peak National Observatory (3)
Las Campanas Observatory (3)
Lick Observatory (3)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (3)
Millikan, Robert Andrews, -- 1868-1953 (3)
Mount Wilson Observatory (3)
Quasars (3)
Rubin, Vera C., -- 1928- (3)
Shapley, Harlow, -- 1885-1972 (3)
Telescopes (3)
University of California, Berkeley (3)
Yerkes Observatory (3)
Adams, Walter S. -- (Walter Sydney), -- 1876-1956 (2)
Arp, Halton C (2)
Astronomical Society of the Pacific (2)
1Title:  Oral history interview with Wallace Leslie William Sargent, 1975 June 10   
 Creator:  Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012 | Weart, Spencer R., 1942- 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audio or video tapes. Interview conducted as part of the Sources for History of Modern Astrophysics (SHMA) project. Interview conducted by Spencer Weart on 10 June 1975. Preliminary discussions of some important developments in astronomy, from stellar evolution and stellar interiors to the evolution and structure of galaxies and their importance for understanding the cosmological problem. Comments on optical astronomy, television finding and image tubes. The Palomar Sky Survey; comments on Fritz Zwicky. Changes in the social environment, competition and publication. Thoughts on the future of astronomy research. 
 Extent:  1 1 (1.0 
 Subjects:  Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012 | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | Astronomy | Astrophysics -- History | Cosmology | Galaxies | Stars -- Evolution | Stars -- Structure | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts | Palomar Sky Survey

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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2Title:  Oral History interview with Ernst H. Krause, 1983 July 1   
 Creator:  Krause, Ernst Henry, 1913- | Dennis, Michael. | DeVorkin, David H., 1944- 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audio or video tapes. Interview conducted by Dr. David DeVorkin and Michael Dennis on 1 July 1983. Interview conducted as part of the Sources for History of Modern Astrophysics (SHMA) project. This interview concerns Krause's tenure at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), discussing and identifying a series of news clippings, correspondence, reports, and photographs which document Krause's activities. The discussion focuses primarily on V-2 rocket and cosmic ray experimentation. Also discussed briefly are post-war rocket activities at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CalTech, and NRL. Other contacts and affiliations identified include: William Pickering, Fritz Zwicky, Marcel Schein, Michael Dennis, and the book titled "Preliminary Design of an Experimental World-Circling Spaceship. 
 Extent:  39 
 Subjects:  Krause, Ernst Henry, -- 1913- | Pickering, W. H. -- (William Hayward), -- 1910-2004 | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | California Institute of Technology | Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.) | Naval Research Laboratory (U.S.) | Preliminary Design of an Experimental World-Circling Spaceship | Cosmic rays -- Experiments | V-2 rocket. -- Experiments | Interviews | Oral histories | Transcripts | Schein, Marcel, 1902-1960

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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3Title:  Oral history interview with Gerard de Vaucouleurs, 1988 November 7   
 Creator:  De Vaucouleurs, Gâerard, 1918-1995 | Lightman, Alan P., 1948- 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audiovisual materials. Interview conducted by Alan P. Lightman on 7 November 1988. Interview is part of Cosmology Interview Project series. Interview discusses Gerard de Vaucouleur's childhood in Paris and family background; early reading; membership in the French Astronomical Society; early work on astronomical catalogues; work at the Paris planetarium in 1937; undergraduate work at the University of Paris; education at the Sorbonne; introduction to Julien Peridier; early work in astronomical photography; discussion of French astronomy in the 1930s; early attitude toward the big bang model; work at the Sorbonne; move to the new Institute of Astrophysics in 1945; work on the r1/4 law for the brightness distribution in galaxies; work on the supercluster of galaxies in the 1950s; influence of Vera Rubin's work; community's reception of de Vaucouleurs's work on the supercluster and his challenge of the assumption of large-scale homogeneity; interaction with Fritz Zwicky; attitude toward the Center for Astrophysics (CfA) redshift surveys by de Lapparent, Margaret Geller, and John Huchra; a hierarchical model for the universe; discussion of the meaning of homogeneity; attitudes toward the horizon problem, the inflationary universe model, dark matter, the flatness problem, work on the very early universe, and the big bang model; relationship of theory and observation; the ideal design of the universe; the question of whether the universe has a point. 
 Extent:  25 
 Subjects:  De Vaucouleurs, Gâerard, -- 1918-1995 | Geller, Margaret J | Huchra, John P | Rubin, Vera C., -- 1928- | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics | Universitâe de Paris | Astronomical photography | Astronomical photometry | Big bang theory | Dark matter (Astronomy) | Galaxies | Inflationary universe | Red shift | Interviews | Oral histories | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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4Title:  Oral History interview with Ernst Henry Krause, 1982 August 10   
 Creator:  Krause, Ernst Henry, 1913- | Dennis, Michael. | DeVorkin, David H., 1944- 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audio or video tapes. Interview conducted by Dr. David DeVorkin and Michael Dennis on 10 August 1982. This interview examines Krasue's early career at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) first as a physicist, then as Associate Director fo Research. Also covered is his work at Lockheed, at Systems Research Corporation, and at Ford Aeronuetronics. After detailing aspects of his early life and education (University of Wisconsin, PhD, 1938, physics), the interview closely follows Krause's career at NRL, including his involvement with wartime research, spectroscopic research using V-2 cosmic ray research, and his work with the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC). Central to the interview is Krause's role as a manager of science, as well as his perceptions of the organizational relationships that evolved to made use of V-2s. Additional topics discussed include: Julian Schwinger, Frank Malina, Fritz Zwicky and his experiments, John Wheeler, Applied Physics Laboratory (Johns Hopkins), and the original Wasserfall rockets. 
 Extent:  84 
 Subjects:  Friedman, Herbert, -- 1916-2000 | Krause, Ernst Henry, -- 1913- | Malina, Frank J | Schwinger, Julian Seymour, -- 1918- | Wheeler, John Archibald, -- 1911-2008 | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | Johns Hopkins University. Applied Physics Laboratory | Lockheed Missiles and Space Company | Naval Research Laboratory (U.S.) -- Research | U.S. Atomic Energy Commission | Cosmic rays -- Research -- History | Nuclear physics | Physics -- Administration | V-2 rocket. -- Research -- History | Wasserfall rocket | World War, 1939-1945 -- Technology | Interviews | Oral histories | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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5Title:  Oral history interview with Wallace Sargent, 1989 January 20   
 Creator:  Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012- | Lightman, Alan P., 1948- 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audiovisual materials. Interview conducted by Alan P. Lightman on 20 January 1989. Interview is part of Cosmology Interview Project series. Interview discusses Wallace Sargent's parental background; influence and encouragement from mother; early schooling in England: technical schools versus academic schools; influence of reading The Children's Encyclopedia at age 10; decision to go beyond trade school; influence of Fred Hoyle's radio broadcasts on astronomy in the late 1940s; Sargent's becoming antireligious; education at Manchester; early theoretical work at Manchester; ability at pattern recognition and recognition of spectra; early preference for steady state model and reasons for that preference; "dark-time" people versus "bright-time" people among astronomical observers; early interests in peculiar spectra: A stars and then Seyfert galaxies; influence of Fritz Zwicky and work on Zwicky compact galaxies; career at Royal Greenwich Observatory (RGO) and University of California, San Diego; work on high star formation in small galaxies and Seyfert galaxies; training of observational astronomers and recent lack of hands-on experience; specialization of abilities; Sargent's motivation in choosing problems to work on; criteria of observers in selecting problems; attitudes toward the horizon and flatness problems; change in attitude toward the flatness problem after the inflationary universe model; attitude toward the inflationary universe model; reaction to de Lapparent, Geller, and Huchra's work on large-scale inhomogeneities and importance of similar work done earlier by Gregory, Thompson, and others; belief in large-scale homogeneity by reason of the cosmic background radiation; work on Lyman alpha clouds; working relationship of theory and observation in cosmology; seriousness of theories of the very early universe; outstanding problems in cosmology: dark matter; ideal design of the universe; question of whether the universe has a point. 
 Extent:  20 
 Subjects:  Geller, Margaret J | Hoyle, Fred, -- 1915-2001 | Huchra, John P | Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012- | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | Royal Greenwich Observatory | University of California, San Diego | University of Manchester | Astronomy | Astronomy -- Observations | Cosmic background radiation | Cosmology | Dark matter (Astronomy) | Galaxies | Inflationary universe | Large scale structure (Astronomy) | Seyfert galaxies | Spectrum analysis | Stars -- Formation | Steady state cosmology | Interviews | Oral histories | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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6Title:  Fritz Zwicky papers, 1940-1967   
 Creator:  Zwicky, F. (Fritz), 1898-1974 
 Notes:  The collection chiefly deals with Zwicky and his family although there is a little material related to astronomy. The collection includes one volume that contains letters between Zwicky and his daughters while they were in Switzerland (for school at Hochalpines Institut, Fetan). Entitled "Briefe von und an die kinder." In his letters, Zwicky sometimes mentions his research and astronomical work. There are also three telephone books that belonged to Zwicky, one photograph of Fritz Zwicky (c.1950), and 14 views of the star cluster Hyades (photographs have notes on the versos). Also included in the collection are 5 audio tapes, reel to reel, that are not labeled and undated. There are also 14 16mm film reels that contain scenes of home life in Pasadena; Zwicky family trips; school shows with Zwicky's daughters; and scenes at Palomar Observatory. Some of the material is in German. The cataloger did not review the audio-video material. 
 Extent:  38 
 Subjects:  Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | California Institute of Technology | Palomar Observatory | Astronomers -- United States -- Archives | Astronomy -- Photographs | Astronomy -- United States -- History -- 20th century -- Sources | Stars -- Clusters | California, Southern -- History -- 20th century -- Sources | Fetan (Switzerland) | Pasadena (Calif.) | Switzerland -- Description and travel | Audiotapes 20th century | 16mm 20th century | Letters (correspondence) California 20th century | Letters (correspondence) Switzerland 20th century | Photographs 20th century

 
Collection:  Huntington Library 
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7Title:  Oral history interview with Robert P. Kirshner, 2007 August 3   
 Creator:  Kirshner, Robert P., 1949- | Pavlish, Ursula Rattay 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audiovisual materials. Interview conducted by Ursula Pavlish on 3 August 2007. In this interview Robert Kirshner discusses: Hubble's work with Cepheid variable stars in the 1920s, Zwicky began study of supernovae, taking spectra and photometric measurements, Baade continued this work through the 1960s at Mount Wilson Observatory, Olen Wilson also contributed. Supernovae as standard candles and as direct test of the expansion hypothesis, pointed out very early. Charles Cowall and Wall Sargeant continue Zwicky's work at Palomar, Cowall authoring an article on how supernovae may be an important way to measure cosmic distances and even cosmic deceleration. The cosmological constant as 'high-brow' thing, from Einstein. Alan Sandage's theoretical article of 1961 on exponential acceleration an influence later. Possibility of galaxies as standard candles. Classification of Type Ib supernovae, in 1984-1986, which are core collapses, not thermonuclear explosions like the Ia, cleaning out the Ia sample as well, done by Kirshner, Craig Wheeler, and David Branch. Rudolph Minkowski in the 1940s had already separated out the Type II, which had hydrogen lines and not as bright as Ia. Kirshner takes over Cowall's job at Palomar where he discovered supernovae using the 18-inch Schmidt telescope in 1971. In 1972 Cowall discovered the brightest supernova yet, and Kirshner studied that as well as invented a method for finding the distance to Type II supernovae to do cosmology, the so-called expanding photosphere method, both in his thesis. Robert Wagner, Ramish Ryan also contributed to that work on Type IIs. Kirshner's work in various aspects extragalactic astronomy, observational cosmology: galaxy surveys to measure galaxy custering and Omega_Matter, and the luminosity function of galaxies. Mark Phillips' discovery that bright supernovae had broader light curves than dim supernovae, named the 'delta m_15' method. Kirshner's notification, by Brian Marsden of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) circulars, of the discovery of a twenty-first magnitude supernova by a Danish team collaboration with Richard Ellis, Warrick Couch; thus beginning of doing cosmology with supernovae and other topics. 
 Extent:  42 
 Subjects:  Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 | Couch, Warrick J., -- 1954- | Ellis, Richard S. (Richard Salisbury), 1950- | Hubble, Edwin, -- 1889-1953 | Kirshner, Robert P., -- 1949- | Marsden, Brian G | Minkowski, Rudolph Leo Bernhard, 1895-1976 | Sandage, Allan | Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012 | Wilson, Olin, C., -- 1909-1994 | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | International Astronomical Union | Mount Wilson Observatory | Palomar Observatory | Cepheids | Cosmology | Galaxies | Galaxies -- Clusters | Spectrum analysis | Supernovae | Interviews | Oral histories | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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8Title:  Oral history interview with John P. Huchra, 2002 February 14, 15 and June 25   
 Creator:  Huchra, John P. | McCray, Patrick (W. Patrick) 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audiovisual materials. Interview conducted by Patrick McCray in Cambridge, Massachusetts on February 14 and 15, and June 25, 2002. Among the topics discussed: his childhood and early education; his college years at MIT and California Institute of Technology; the effects of the Vietnam war on his young life; his classmates at Caltech; the Apollo moon landing; learning to use a telescope; astronomers poaching off others' work; his skills with a telescope; his discoveries of various asteroids; his early days at Center for Astrophysics; his work in photometry of galaxies and measuring red shifts; his job search after his post-doc position; commissioning the Multiple Mirror Telescope (MMT); the Multi-Conjugate Adaptive Optics system (MCAO); the demographics of astronomers; funding and growth in the field of astronomy. The second session focuses on his tenure as associate director of Cambridge Center for Astrophysics; comments on structure and organization of CFA, its strengths and weaknesses; the relations between CFA and Harvard and the class structure at Harvard among the scientists; challenges facing AURA; challenges facing the US National Observatory and AURA. The interview concludes with his thoughts on research on dark energy, dark matter, cosmology and his preference for a particular cosmological model. Also discusses religion, time, and cosmology. Some of the prominently mentioned names include: Jesse Greenstein, Allan Sandage, Wal Sargent, Fritz Zwicky. 
 Extent:  230 
 Subjects:  Greenstein, Jesse L. -- (Jesse Leonard), -- 1909-2002- | Huchra, John P | Sandage, Allan | Sargent, Wallace Leslie William, 1935-2012- | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy | California Institute of Technology -- Graduate students | California Institute of Technology -- Study and teaching | Harvard University | Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics | Massachusetts Institute of Technology -- Students | Multiple Mirror Telescope Observatory | Asteroids -- Research | Astronomical photometry | Astronomy -- 20th century | Cosmology | Red shift | Telescopes -- Technical innovations | Interviews | Oral histories | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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9Title:  Oral history interview with Charles H. Townes, 1979 June 18 and 20   
 Creator:  Townes, Charles H. 
 Notes:  Interview conducted by William Smith, 18 and 20 June 1979. Childhood and youth; his family life and siblings; education at Furman during the Depression, 1931-1935; merit scholarship. Graduate study at Duke University in 1936; shifts to Caltech during second year; early interest in astronomy; works with Fred Zwicky. His first job, at Bell Telephone Laboratories, from 1939-1947; scientific associates (Dean Wooldridge, William Shockley). Discussion of work on microwave spectroscopy, and NH3 spectrum; competition with Bleaney and Good. Accepts I. I. Rabi's offer to join Columbia University faculty in 1948. Interest in molecules, atoms (not solid state physics), and in short microwaves; comments on teaching, students, and faculty; department head from 1952-1955. Inventions of the maser and laser in the 1950s, background ideas; Treshkas' and Lamb's writings on stimulated emission. Purcell, Pound, Dicke did not think of maser; discussion of the effects contributing to the appearance of simultaneity of inventions. Masers in radioastronomy; consultantship at BTL; joint laser invention with Arthur Schawlow. Interactions with Gordon Gould; BTL's interest in the laser. 
 Extent:  4 
 Subjects:  Lamb, Willis E. -- (Willis Eugene), -- 1913-2008 | Purcell, Edward M | Rabi, I. I. -- (Isidor Isaac), -- 1898-1988 | Schawlow, Arthur L., -- 1921-1999 | Shockley, William, -- 1910-1989 | Townes, Charles H | Wooldridge, Dean E | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | Bell Telephone Laboratories | California Institute of Technology | Columbia University | Duke University | Furman University | Astronomy | Inventions | Lasers | Masers | Microwave spectroscopy | Radio astronomy | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts | Atomic and molecular physics | Bleakney, Walker. 1901- | Dicke, Robert H. -- (Robert Henry) | Gould, Gordon, -- 1920-2005 | Pound, Robert Vivian

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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10Title:  Oral history interview with Gerard de Vaucouleurs, 1991 November 20 and 23   
 Creator:  De Vaucouleurs, Gâerard, 1918-1995 | Doel, Ronald Edmund 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audiovisual materials. Interview conducted by Ronald Doel on 20 and 23 November 1991. Topics discussed include: De Vaucouleur's family background; his introduction to the French Astronomical Society; his interest in astronomy; his education and classes he took in spectroscopy; Jean Cabannes; Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin; Daniel Barbier; Henri Mineur; Nick Mayall; Bernard Lyot; Harlow Shapley; Institute of Astrophysics; E. C. Slipher; Physics Research Laboratory at the Sorbonne; G. Vakuler; Paul Couderc; Lick Observatory; Donald Menzel; Mount Stromlo Observatory; Arthur Hogg; Pierre Querin; Frank Kerr; Magellanic clouds; Colin Gum; Bill Buscombe; Ernst Opik; Vera Rubin; Lowell Observatory; Gerry Kron; Fritz Zwicky; Albert Wilson; Roger Putnam; Bart Bok; Australian National University; Ed Carpenter and V. M. Slipher. 
 Extent:  222 
 Subjects:  Barbier, Daniel | Bok, Bart J. -- (Bart Jan), -- 1906-1983 | Cabannes, Jean | Carpenter, Edwin F | Couderc, Paul | De Vaucouleurs, Gâerard, -- 1918-1995 | Kron, Gerald Edward, 1913- | Lyot, Bernard Ferdinand | Mayall, N. U. -- (Nicholas Ulrich), -- 1906- | Menzel, Donald H. -- (Donald Howard), -- 1901-1976 | Mineur, Henri | èOpik, Ernst Julius, -- 1893- | Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia, -- 1900-1979- | Putnam, Roger Lowell | Rubin, Vera C., -- 1928- | Shapley, Harlow, -- 1885-1972 | Slipher, E. C | Slipher, Vesto Melvin, -- 1875-1969 | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | Australian National University | Lick Observatory | Lowell Observatory | Mount Stromlo Observatory | Sorbonne | Astronomy | Spectrum analysis | Interviews | Oral histories | Transcripts | Magellanic Clouds

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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11Title:  Oral history interview with Halton Christian Arp, 1975 July 29   
 Creator:  Arp, Halton C. | Wright, Paul 
 Notes:  Interview conducted by Paul Wright, 29 July 1975. In this interview, Halton Arp discusses his childhood and unconventional early education; Harvard University: impressions of courses and social climate; Caltech, Mt. Wilson, comments on Walter Baade and background of Baade's theory; differences between astronomy and astrophysics; early professional career work on Magellanic clouds; interest in peculiar galaxies, Viktor A. Ambartsumian at the 1957 Solvay Conference; Fritz Zwicky; Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies; comments on published papers: Distribution of Quasars compared to Maarten Schmidt's work with similar title; Edoard Stephan's quintet; work on discrepant red shift with respect to the Friedman universe; future research interest, non-professional interests. Also prominently mentioned are: Basch, Bart Jan Bok, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, William Alfred Fowler, Jesse Leonard Greenstein, Edwin Powell Hubble, Milton Lasell Humason, Bernard Lovell, Rudolph Leo Bernhard Minkowski, Jan Hendrik Oort, Edison Petit, Robert Richardson, Allan Sandage, Maarten Schmidt, Harlow Shapley, Dick Stoy, Vanderlaan, Gerard Henri de Vaucouleurs; Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies, Institut de Physique at Solvay, and United States Navy. 
 Extent:  27 
 Subjects:  Ambarëtìsumëiìan, V. A. -- (Viktor Amazaspovich) | Arp, Halton C | Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 | Bok, Bart J. -- (Bart Jan), -- 1906-1983 | Chandrasekhar, S. -- (Subrahmanyan), -- 1910-1995 | De Vaucouleurs, Gâerard, -- 1918-1995 | Fowler, William A | Greenstein, Jesse L. -- (Jesse Leonard), -- 1909-2002- | Hubble, Edwin, -- 1889-1953 | Humason, Milton L. -- (Milton La Salle), -- 1891-1972 | Lovell, Bernard, -- 1913-2012 | Minkowski, Rudolph Leo Bernhard, -- 1895-1976 | Oort, Jan Hendrik | Petit, Edison | Richardson, Robert | Sandage, Allan | Schmidt, Maarten | Shapley, Harlow, -- 1885-1972 | Stephan, Edoard | Stoy, Richard Hugh, 1910- | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | California Institute of Technology | Harvard University | Mount Wilson Observatory | Palomar Observatory | United States. -- Navy | Solvay Conference on Physics (1958) | Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies | Astronomical observatories | Astronomy | Astrophysics | Galaxies | Quasars | Red shift | Stars | Oral histories | Interviews | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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12Title:  Oral history interview with Robert Benjamin Leighton, 1977 July 29 and August 5   
 Creator:  Leighton, Robert B. | DeVorkin, David H., 1944- 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audio or video tapes. Interview conducted as part of the Sources for History of Modern Astrophysics (SHMA) project. Interview conducted by David DeVorkin on 29 July and 5 August, 1977. Early schooling in Los Angeles; family background; interests in mechanical design and new techniques; Los Angeles Astronomical Society; schooling at Los Angeles City College and Caltech; early career choices; changes of interest; medical Van de Graaff project; experiences at Caltech during World War II; interests and work in rocketry; engineering courses at Caltech; Carl Anderson and development of interest in particle physics and cosmic rays; development of interests in planetary (Mars) and solar astronomy; access to Mt. Wilson Observatory. Students, colleagues and funding at Caltech; work on solar cycle; research philosophy and choice of projects; Mariner and other space projects; ground-based astronomy; support patterns in astronomy National Aeronautical and Space Organization (NASA) policies; Kitt Peak Observatory; relationship of Hale Observatories and Caltech. Also prominently mentioned are: J. A. Anderson, Horace W. Babcock, Robert Fox Bacher, Leo Goldberg, William Vermillion Houston, Francis Maxstadt, G. Neugebauer, Olin Chaddock Wilson, Fritz Zwicky; Carnegie Institution of Washington, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Mariner (Spacecraft), National Science Foundation (U.S.), United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and United States Office of Naval Research. 
 Extent:  94 
 Subjects:  Anderson, Carl D. -- (Carl David), -- 1905-1991- | Goldberg, Leo | Leighton, Robert B | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | California Institute of Technology | Carnegie Institution of Washington | Hale Observatories | Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.) | Kitt Peak National Observatory | Mariner (Spacecraft) | Palomar Observatory | National Science Foundation (U.S.) | United States. -- National Aeronautics and Space Administration | United States. -- Office of Naval Research | Astronomical observatories | Astronomy | Astronomy -- Societies, etc | Astrophysics -- History | Cosmic rays | Particles (Nuclear physics) | Medical physics | Nuclear physics | Particles (Nuclear physics) | Project Mariner (U.S.) | Research -- Finance | Rocketry | Solar cycle | World War, 1939-1945 | Oral histories | Interviews | Transcripts | Sound recordings | Mars (Planet) | Sun | Anderson, John A. -- (John Augustus), -- 1876-1959 | Babcock, Horace W | Bacher, Robert F. -- (Robert Fox), -- 1905-2004- | Houston, W. V. -- (William Vermillion), -- 1900- | Maxstadt, Francis | Neugebauer, G. -- (Gerry) | Wilson, Olin Chaddock | Los Angeles Astronomical Society | Los Angeles City College

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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13Title:  Oral history interview with Jeremiah P. Ostriker, 2002 May 14 and 21   
 Creator:  Ostriker, J. P. | Smeenk, Chris 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audiovisual materials. Interview conducted by Christopher Smeenk on 14 and 21 May 2002. In this interview J. P. Ostriker discusses topics such as: his educational background; Harvard University and the University of Chicago; working with Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar; W. W. Morgan; University of Cambridge; Princeton University; Lyman Spitzer; Donald Lynden-Bell; early computer programming; astrophysics; stellar structure and stellar dynamics; Fred Hoyle; white dwarf stars; Peter Bodenheimer; James Gunn; pulsars; Martin Schwarzschild; cosmic rays; P. J. E. Peebles; Roger Blandford; cosmic background radiation; Geoffrey and E. Margaret Burbidge; Vera Rubin; steady state theory; Ralph Alpher; Fritz Zwicky; interstellar medium; Beatrice Tinsley; stellar evolution; cosmology; Ed Witten; Marc Davis; dark matter; Martin Rees; star formation; Sloan Digital Sky Survey; National Academy of Science. 
 Extent:  88 
 Subjects:  Alpher, Ralph | Blandford, Roger D | Bodenheimer, Peter | Burbidge, E. Margaret | Burbidge, Geoffrey R | Chandrasekhar, S. -- (Subrahmanyan), -- 1910-1995 | Davis, M. -- (Marc) | Hoyle, Fred, -- 1915-2001 | Gunn, J. E. -- (James Edward), -- 1938- | Lynden-Bell, D | Morgan, W. W. -- (William Wilson), -- 1906- | Ostriker, J. P | Peebles, P. J. E. -- (Phillip James Edwin) | Rees, Martin J., -- 1942- | Rubin, Vera C., -- 1928- | Schwarzschild, Martin | Spitzer, Lyman, -- 1914-1997 | Tinsley, Beatrice M | Witten, E | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | Harvard University | National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) | Princeton University | Sloan Digital Sky Survey | University of Cambridge | University of Chicago | Astrophysics | Computer programming | Cosmic background radiation | Cosmic rays | Cosmology | Pulsars | Stars -- Evolution | Stars -- Formation | Stars Structure | Stellar dynamics | Steady state cosmology | White dwarfs | Dark matter (Astronomy) | Interviews | Oral histories | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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14Title:  Oral history interview with Olin C. Wilson, 1978 July 11   
 Creator:  Wilson, Olin, C., 1909-1994 | DeVorkin, David H., 1944- 
 Notes:  Interview conducted by David DeVorkin, 11 July 1978. Interview conducted as part of the Sources for History of Modern Astrophysics (SHMA) project. Early life in San Francisco and first contacts with astronomy in 1920; Public Lectures under auspices of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific; college years at University of California at Berkeley, 1926-1930; interests in physics and astronomy; contact with Donald Menzel; move to Caltech and graduate studies; work with Paul Merrill; Mount Wilson in the 1930s; limitations of spectroscopic equipment; recollections of Edwin Hubble; job offers and decision to remain at Mt. Wilson; origins of research interests and early work leading to Wilson-Bappu Effect; stellar chromospheres and first use of 100-inch telescope in 1938; work on rocket project during World War II; recollections of Walter Baade and Walter S. Adams; postwar years at Mount Wilson; Ira Bowen; Office of Naval Research (ONR) funding; research on planetary nebulae; instrumentation for the 200-inch telescope; internal peer review system; Halton C. Arp's work; continued work on Wilson-Bappu Effect and need for theoretical understanding; study of the solar cycle; teaching and graduate students; work with Rudolph Minkowski; recalibration of Cepheid period/luminosity; Paul W. Hodge's and George Wallerstein's paper of 1967; Walter Baade and Fritz Zwicky; the operation of Hale Observatories; kinematics of the Orion Nebula; origin of southern station at Las Campanas; Hale Observatories and Caltech; Bowen's retirement. Also prominently mentioned are: Helmut Abt, Lawrence H. Aller, Horace W. Babcock, Raymond Thayer Birge, William W. Campbell, Theodore Dunham, Jr., Hyades, Donald Howard Menzel, Dimitri Mihalis, Joseph H. Moore, Guido Mèunch, F. Pease, George Preston, Rayet, Allan Sandage, Garritt P. Serviss, Charles Donald Shane, Stanislaus Vasilevskis, Wolf; Carnegie Institution of Washington, Hale Observatories, Kitt Peak National Observatory, Lick Observatory, University of California at Berkeley, and Yerkes Observatory. 
 Extent:  119 
 Subjects:  Adams, Walter S. -- (Walter Sydney), -- 1876-1956 | Aller, Lawrence H. -- (Lawrence Hugh), -- 1913-2003 | Arp, Halton C | Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 | Babcock, Horace W | Birge, Raymond T. -- (Raymond Thayer), -- b. 1887 | Bowen, Ira Sprague, -- 1898-1973 | Campbell, William Wallace, -- 1862-1938 | Hubble, Edwin, -- 1889-1953 | Menzel, Donald H. -- (Donald Howard), -- 1901-1976 | Moore, J. H. -- (Joseph Haines), -- 1878-1949 | Mèunch, Guido, -- 1921- | Shane, Charles Donald, -- 1895-1983 | Wilson, Olin, C., -- 1909-1994 | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | Astronomical Society of the Pacific | California Institute of Technology | Carnegie Institution of Washington | Hale Observatories | Kitt Peak National Observatory | Lick Observatory | Mount Wilson Solar Observatory | United States. -- Office of Naval Research | University of California, Berkeley | Yerkes Observatory | Astronomical instruments | Astronomical observatories -- Administration | Astronomy | Cepheids | Nebulae | Orion Nebula | Physics | Solar cycle | Spectrum analysis | Stellar chromospheres | Teaching | Telescopes | World War, 1939-1945 -- Science | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts | Spectrum analysis | Abt, Helmut A | Dunham, Theodore, 1897-1984 | Hyades | Merrill, Paul W. -- (Paul Willard), -- 1887-1961 | Mihalis, Dimitri | Minkowski, Rudolph Leo Bernhard, 1895-1976 | Pease, F. G. -- (Francis Gladheim), -- b. 1881 | Preston, George | Rayet | Sandage, Allan | Serviss, Garrett Putnam | Vasilevskis, Stanislaus, -- 1907-1988 | Astronomy -- Study and teaching | Las Campanas Observatory

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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15Title:  Oral history interview with Jesse Leonard Greenstein, 1977 April 7, July 21, 26 and 1978 May 19   
 Creator:  Greenstein, Jesse L. (Jesse Leonard), 1909-2002- | Weart, Spencer R., 1942- 
 Notes:  Interview conducted by Spencer R. Weart, April 7 and July 21, 26, 1977 and May 19, 1978. Interview conducted as part of the Sources for History of Modern Astrophysics (SHMA) project. Childhood in New York City; studying astronomy and literature at Harvard University (1925-1929, M.A. 1930); work during the Depression in real estate and at Columbia University; graduate education in the new astrophysics at Harvard, 1934-1937, contacts with Harlow Shapley, Cecilia Payne (Gaposchkin), Henry N. Russell; work at Yerkes Observatory from 1937: nebular spectroscopy, stellar composition, stellar atmospheres; contacts with Otto Struve, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Bengt Strèomgren; optical design work during World War II. Move to Caltech, 1947, contacts with Walter Baade, Ira Bowen, Fritz Zwicky, Maarten Schmidt, Lee Dubridge, etc.; organization, administration, research conditions, and allocation of observing time at Mt. Wilson and Palomar Observatories; work in building up astronomy department at Caltech, character of staff relations, and fund-raising. Postwar work on abundances of elements, white dwarf stars, high-dispersion spectroscopy, radio astronomy, and quasars; ideas about cosmology and other topics. Involvement with military advising at Caltech from 1950, satellite reconnaissance, and industrial advising; early work on rocket astronomy and as senior adviser to National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), ca. 1957-1977. Editor of "Stellar Atmospheres" series; work with National Academy of Sciences and author of its 1972 astronomy survey; efforts to popularize astronomy. Ideas about large space- and ground-based telescopes. Particular attention is given to the organizational strengths and weaknesses of important astronomy organizations. Also prominently mentioned is: Alexander Velikovsky. 
 Extent:  259 
 Subjects:  Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 | Bowen, Ira Sprague, -- 1898-1973 | Chandrasekhar, S. -- (Subrahmanyan), -- 1910-1995- | DuBridge, Lee A. -- (Lee Alvin), -- 1901-1994- | Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia, -- 1900-1979- | Greenstein, Jesse L. -- (Jesse Leonard), -- 1909-2002- | Russell, Henry Norris, -- 1877-1957 | Schmidt, Maarten | Shapley, Harlow, -- 1885-1972 | Strèomgren, Bengt, -- 1908- | Struve, Otto, -- 1897-1963 | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | California Institute of Technology | California Institute of Technology. -- Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy | Columbia University | Harvard University | Mount Wilson Solar Observatory. -- Administration | National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) | Palomar Observatory | Yerkes Observatory | Artificial satellites -- Tracking | Astronomy -- Popularization | Astronomy -- Research | Astronomy -- Societies, etc. -- Administration | Astrophysics -- Study and teaching | Cosmic abundances -- Research | Cosmology | Literature -- Study and teaching | Optics -- Designs and plans | Quasars | Radio astronomy | Science and industry -- United States | Science consultants | Spectrum analysis | Stars -- Atmospheres | Stars -- Composition | Students -- Employment -- United States -- 20th century | Telescopes | White dwarfs -- Research | World War, 1939-1945 -- Science | United States -- Armed Forces -- Civilian employees | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts | Spectrum analysis | Velikovsky, Alexander | Astronomy -- Study and teaching

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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16Title:  Oral history interview with William Conyers Herring, 1974 July 23, 29, and 31 October   
 Creator:  Herring, William Conyers, 1914- | Hoddeson, Lillian 
 Notes:  Interview conducted by Lillian Hoddeson, 23 & 29 July and 31 October 1974. Interview conducted as part of the Physics at Bell Telephone Laboratories project. From Herring's childhood and early education to his election as department head for the theoretical physics group at Bell Laboratories in 1956. Topics include graduate education at California Institute of Technology and Princeton University; Ph.D. in physics, 1937; early interest in astronomy, wartime work (hydrodynamics of explosions, underwater explosions). Much of the interview is devoted to brief discussions of individual publications; discussion of working environment at Bell Labs and experiences there from 1945 through the 1950s. Also prominently mentioned are: John Bardeen, Felix Bloch, Richard Milton Bozorth, Edward Uhler Condon, de Boer, Peter Josef William Debye, DeMarco, Dutton, William Fairbank, Enrico Fermi, Foner, Frobenius, Theodore Geballe, Gorkov, Gorteov, Holstein, William Vermillion Houston, Josef Jauch, Charles Kittel, Kunzler, Kunzter, Lev Davidovich Landau, Fritz London, Bernd T. Matthias, Robert Andrews Millikan, George Moore, Stanley Owen Morgan, Nichols, Obraztsov, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Gerald Leondus Pearson, Pitaevskii, Maurice Rice, Henry Norris Russell, Frederick Seitz, William Shockley, Shur, John Clarke Slater, Rado Suhl, Dave Thouless, Titeica, John Hasbrouck Van Vleck, Pierre Weiss, Gunther Wertheim, Eugene Paul Wigner, Witteborn, Dean E. Wooldridge, Fritz Zwicky; American Institute of Physics, Bell Telephone Laboratories Journal Club, Bell Telephone Laboratories Library, International Conference on Semiconductors, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Physics in Perspective, Reviews of Modern Physics, University of Kansas, University of Michigan Summer Symposium in Theoretical Physics. 
 Extent:  57 
 Subjects:  Bardeen, John | Bloch, Felix, -- 1905- | Bozorth, R. M. -- (Richard M.) | Condon, Edward Uhler, -- 1902-1974 | Debye, Peter J. W. -- (Peter Josef William), -- 1884-1966- | Fermi, Enrico, -- 1901-1954 | Geballe, Theodore H | Herring, William Conyers, 1914- | Houston, W. V. -- (William Vermillion), -- 1900- | Kittel, Charles | Landau, L. D. -- (Lev Davidovich), -- 1908-1968 | London, Fritz, -- 1900-1954 | Millikan, Robert Andrews, -- 1868-1953 | Oppenheimer, J. Robert, -- 1904-1967 | Russell, Henry Norris, -- 1877-1957 | Seitz, Frederick, -- 1911-2008 | Shockley, William, -- 1910-1989- | Slater, John Clarke, -- 1900-1976 | Van Vleck, J. H. -- (John Hasbrouck), -- 1899- | Wigner, Eugene Paul, -- 1902-1995- | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | Fairbank, William M., -- 1917-1989 | Jauch, Josef | Matthias, Bernd T., -- 1918-1980 | Moore, George | Morgan, Stanley Owen, 1900- | Pearson, Gerald Leondus | Rice, Maurice | Thouless, Dave | Weiss, Pierre, 1865-1940 | Wertheim, Gunther | Wooldridge, Dean E | American Institute of Physics | Bell Telephone Laboratories. -- Libraries and Information Systems Center | Bell Telephone Laboratories. -- Theoretical Physics Group | California Institute of Technology | Massachusetts Institute of Technology | Princeton University | University of Kansas | University of Michigan. -- Summer Symposium in Theoretical Physics | International Conference on Semiconductors | Reviews of modern physics | Theoretical physics | Astronomy | Hydrodynamics | Science and industry | Underwater explosions | World War, 1939-1945 -- Science | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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17Title:  Oral history interview with Evry L. Schatzman, 1979 August 21   
 Creator:  Schatzman, Evry L. | Weart, Spencer R., 1942- 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audio or video tapes. Interview conducted by Spencer Weart on 21 August 1979. Interview conducted as part of the Sources for History of Modern Astrophysics (SHMA) project. Education at Ecole normale supâerieure, Paris; survival during German Occupation, and gathering of astronomers at Haute Provence Observatory; work in stellar evolution, white dwarfs, and stellar atmospheres; views on cosmology; personal relation to Communist Party. Postwar situation of French astronomy, difficulties of establishing astrophysical community, Institut d'Astrophysique, changing relationships in education, government, and funding mechanisms. Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). Sociâetâe Astronomique de France. Comments on a variety of institutional problems. Also prominently mentioned are: Pierre Raoul Aigrain, Daniel Barbier, Edmond H. Bauer, Emile Borel, Louis de Broglie, Chalonge, Paul Couderc, Courtes, Cruze, Danjon, Bernard Dreyfus, Jean Dufay, Esclangon, Charles Fehrenbach, Jacques Friedel, Jean Pierre Girard, Andrâe Lallemand, Henri Longchambon, Lwoff, Henri Mineur, Max Morand, Jean Claude Pecker, Pope Pius XII, Martin Schwarzschild, Lyman Spitzer, Bengt Georg Daniel Strèomgren, Tudminen, Vichney, Edmund T. Whittaker, Lodewijk Woltjer, Fritz Zwicky; Bulletin Astronomique, Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France), Dâelâegation Gâenâerale áa la Recherche Scientifique et Technique, Ecole des hautes âetudes (France), Ecole normale supâerieure (France), European Southern Observatory, France Ministry of Education, Institut de Radio Astronomie Multimetrique, Institut Henri Poincarâe, International Astronomical Union, Meudon Observatory, Observatoire de Haute Provence, Paris-Soir, Physics Today, Princeton University, Sociâetâe Franðcaise de Physique, Sputnik (Spacecraft), Sud Aviation Co., and Universitâe de Paris. 
 Extent:  47 
 Subjects:  Broglie, Louis de, -- 1892-1987 | Schatzman, Evry L | Schwarzbach, Martin | Strèomgren, Bengt, -- 1908- | Whittaker, E. T. -- (Edmund Taylor), -- 1873-1956 | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France) | Centre national d'âetudes spatiales (France) | âEcole normale supâerieure (France) | European Southern Observatory | France. -- Ministre de l'âeducation | Institut Henri Poincarâe | International Astronomical Union | Observatoire de Haute Provence | Princeton University | Sociâetâe franðcaise de physique | Sud-aviation (Firm) | Union rationaliste | Universitâe de Paris | Bulletin astronomique | Physics today (Journal) | Astronomy | Astrophysics -- France | Stars -- Atmospheres | Stars -- Evolution | Communist parties | White dwarfs | France -- German occupation, 1940-1945 | Oral histories | Interviews | Transcripts | Sound recordings | Sputnik satellites | Aigrain, P. -- (Pierre) | Barbier, Daniel | Bauer, Edmond H | Borel, Emile | Chalonge | Couderc, Paul | Courtes | Danjon | Dreyfus, Bernard | Dufay, Jean | Esclangon | Fehrenbach, Charles | Friedel, J. -- (Jacques) | Girard, Jean Pierre | Lallemand, Andráe | Longchambon, Henri | Lwoff | Mineur, Henri | Morand, Max | Pecker, Jean Claude | Spitzer, Lyman, -- 1914-1997 | Tudminen | Vichney | Woltjer, Lodewijk, -- 1930- | Dâelâegation Gâenâeral áa la Rechereche Scientifique | Ecole des hautes âetudes (France) | Haute Provence Observatory | Institut d'Astrophysique (Paris, France) | Institut de Radio Astronomie Multimetrique | Meudon Observatory | Sociâetâe Astronomique de France

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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18Title:  Oral history interview with Dean E. Wooldridge, 1976 August 21   
 Creator:  Wooldridge, Dean E. | Hoddeson, Lillian. 
 Notes:  Interview conducted by Lillian Hoddeson, 21 August 1976. Family background and early education; University of Oklahoma; graduate work and electrical engineering at California Institute of Technology. Bell Laboratories, 1936-1946; colloquium and other social structures; early solid state physics work; Fletcher's group with Foster Nix and William Shockley; war years, work on radar bomb sights; postwar years. Move to Hughes Aircraft Company, 1946-1953; formation and accomplishments of Thompson-Ramo-Wooldridge after 1953; current interests. Also prominently mentioned are: Joseph A. Becker, R. S. Bowen, Walter Houser Brattain, Oliver E. Buckley, Joseph Ashby Burton, Karl Kelchner Darrow, Clinton Joseph Davisson, Paul Sophus Epstein, Conyers Herring, C. N. Hickman, Howard Hughes, J. B. Johnson, Edward Karrouse, Mervin J. Kelly, G. A. Kelsall, J. W. McRae, Robert Andrews Millikan, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Gerald Leondus Pearson, Don Quarles, Simon Ramo, Rhine, Duane Roller, Hellvar Skaade, William Ralph Smythe, Leopold Stokowski, Richard Chase Tolman, Charles Hard Townes, Howell J. Williams, Jewel Wurtzbaugh, Fritz Zwicky; American Physical Society, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States Air Force, and Western Electric Company. 
 Extent:  3 (2.5 
 Subjects:  Brattain, Walter H. -- (Walter Houser), -- 1902-1987 | Buckley, O. E | Darrow, Karl K. -- (Karl Kelchner), -- 1891- | Davisson, Clinton Joseph, -- 1881-1958 | Epstein, Paul S. -- (Paul Sophus), -- 1883-1966 | Fletcher, Harvey, -- 1884-1981 | Kelly, Mervin Joe | Millikan, Robert Andrews, -- 1868-1953 | Nix, Foster Cary, 1905- | Oppenheimer, J. Robert, -- 1904-1967 | Ramo, Simon | Roller, Duane Emerson, -- 1894- | Shockley, William, -- 1910-1989- | Smythe, William Ralph, -- 1893- | Tolman, Richard C. -- (Richard Chace), -- 1881-1948 | Townes, Charles H | Wooldridge, Dean E | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | American Physical Society | Bell Telephone Laboratories | California Institute of Technology | Hughes Aircraft Company | Massachusetts Institute of Technology | Thompson Ramo Wooldridge, inc | United States. -- Air Force | University of Oklahoma | Western Electric Company | Radar | Solid state physics | World War, 1939-1945 -- Science | Oral histories | Interviews | Sound recordings | Transcripts | Becker, Joseph A | Bowen, R. S | Burton, Joseph Ashby | Herring, William Conyers, 1914- | Hickman, C. N | Hughes, Howard | Johnson, John Bertrand | Karrouse, Edward | Kelsall, G. A | McRae, J. W | Pearson, Gerald Leondus | Quarles, Donald A | Skaade, Hellvar | Stokowski, Leopold, -- 1882-1977 | Williams, Howell J | Wurtzbaugh, Jewel

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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19Title:  A. G. W. Cameron response to 1988 History of Nuclear Physics Survey, 1985   
 Creator:  Cameron, A. G. W. (Alastair Graham Walter), 1925- 
 Notes:  Forms part of the Manuscript Biography Collection or the American Institute of Physics' Niels Bohr Library Institutional Histories Collection. A 31-page autobiographical sketch, originally published in Cosmogonical Problems, (W. D. Arnett, C. J. Hansen, J. W. Truran, and S. Tsuruta, eds. Utrecht: VNN Science Press, 1986). The sketch covers Cameron's undergraduate work at the University of Manitoba during the final years of World War I; Ph.D. work at the University of Saskatchewan with Leon Katz; the time between the two degrees spent working at Chalk River on the atomic energy project of the National Research Council of Canada; his assistant professorship at Iowa State College and his interest in applying nuclear physics to astrophysical problems; his return to and tenure at Chalk River; his immigration to the United States and work with Jesse Greenstein, Walter Baade, Fritz Zwicky, and Rudolph Minkowsky at the California Institute of Technology and at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies at Yale University; his move to the Belfer Graduate School of Science of Yeshiva University and his students there and at Yale; his acceptance of a position at Harvard University as Associate Director for Planetary Sciences at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and, later, as head of Harvard's Astronomy Department, through 1985. Throughout, Cameron discusses his work in some technical detail, with references. File also includes a bibliography, questionnaire, and curriculum vitae. 
 Extent:  60 
 Subjects:  Arnett, W. David -- (William David), -- 1940- | Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 | Cameron, A. G. W. -- (Alastair Graham Walter), -- 1925- | Greenstein, Jesse L. -- (Jesse Leonard), -- 1909-2002- | Hansen, Carl J | Truran, James W | Tsuruta, S. (Sachiko) | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | California Institute of Technology | Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories | Goddard Institute for Space Studies | Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics | Harvard University. -- Center for Earth and Planetary Sciences | Harvard University. -- Dept. of Astronomy | Iowa State College | National Research Council of Canada -- Research | University of Manitoba -- Students | University of Saskatchewan | Yale University -- Research | Yeshiva University. -- Belfer Graduate School of Science | Cosmogonical problems (journal) | Astrophysicists -- Biography | Astrophysics -- Study and teaching | Particles (Nuclear physics) | Nuclear facilities -- Canada -- Ontario -- Chalk River | Nuclear physics | Physicists -- Biography | Physics -- Study and teaching | Planetology -- Study and teaching | Science -- Public opinion | World War, 1939-1945 -- Science | World War, 1939-1945 -- War work | Chalk River (Ontario, Canada) | United States -- Emigration and immigration | Bibliographies | Resumes | Katz, Leon | Minkowski, Rudolph Leo Bernhard, 1895-1976

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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20Title:  Oral history interview with Allan Sandage, 1974 May 16   
 Creator:  Sandage, Allan | Wright, Paul 
 Notes:  Advance notice of two business days required to use audiovisual materials. Interview conducted by Paul Wright on 16 May 1974. In this interview, Allan Sandage discusses his career and the history of the Hale Observatories. Topics discussed include: astronomy; cosmology; Mount Wilson Observatory; Palomar Observatory; Edwin Hubble; Walter Baade; Rudolph Minkowski; expanding universe; Fritz Zwicky; red shift; Willem de Sitter; Friedmann solutions; Milton Humason; stellar evolution; H-R diagram; Martin Schwarzschild; Hermann Bondi; virial theorem; James Stokley; Aldous Huxley's "Young Archimedes"; University of Miami; California Institute of Technology; Richard Feynman; service in the Navy; Richard C. Tolman; Jesse Greenstein; Morton Roberts; Crab nebula; photometry; S. Chandrasekhar; Mario Schoenberg; quasars; Thomas Matthews; Owens Valley Radio Observatory; globular clusters; Cepheids; J. P. Ostriker; black holes; Jâanos Bolyai; W. K. Clifford; Knut Lundmark; Ralph Kronig; Wolfgang Pauli; George Uhlenbeck; Las Campanas Observatory. 
 Extent:  73 
 Subjects:  Baade, Walter, -- 1893-1960 | Bolyai, Jâanos, -- 1802-1860 | Bondi, Hermann | Chandrasekhar, S. -- (Subrahmanyan), -- 1910-1995 | Clifford, William Kingdon, -- 1845-1879 | Feynman, Richard P. -- (Richard Phillips), -- 1918-1988 | Greenstein, Jesse L. -- (Jesse Leonard), -- 1909-2002- | Hardy, G. H. -- (Godfrey Harold) -- 1877-1947 | Hubble, Edwin, -- 1889-1953 | Humason, Milton L. -- (Milton La Salle), -- 1891-1972 | Huxley, Aldous, -- 1894-1963 | Kronig, R. -- (Ralph), -- 1904- | Lundmark, Knut, -- 1889-1958 | Matthews, T. A. -- (Thomas A.) | Minkowski, Rudolph Leo Bernhard, 1895-1976 | Ostriker, J. P | Pauli, Wolfgang, -- 1900-1958 | Roberts, Morton S | Sandage, Allan | Schoenberg, Mario, -- 1914-1990 | Schwarzschild, Martin | Sitter, Willem de | Stokley, James, -- 1900-1990 | Tolman, Richard C. -- (Richard Chace), -- 1881-1948 | Uhlenbeck, George Eugáene, -- 1900-1988 | Zwicky, F. -- (Fritz), -- 1898-1974 | California Institute of Technology | Hale Observatories | Las Campanas Observatory | Mount Wilson and Las Campanas Observatories | Mount Wilson and Palomar Observatories | Mount Wilson Observatory | Owens Valley Radio Observatory | Palomar Observatory | United States. -- Navy | University of Miami | Astronomical photometry | Astronomy | Black holes (Astronomy) | Cepheids | Cosmology | Expanding universe | HR diagrams | Quasars | Red shift | Stars -- Evolution | Virial theorem | Crab Nebula | Interviews | Oral histories | Transcripts

 
Collection:  American Institute of Physics 
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