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1Title:  [Book of hours: use of Soissons]   
 Alt. Title:  Book of hours   
 Creator:  Catholic Church | Pichore, Jean, fl. 1502-1520 | Vostre, Simon, fl. 1488-1520 
 Publication:  Simon Vostre, Paris, not before 1506] 
 Notes:  Penn Libraries copy imperfect: leaves [a]1 (title leaf), [a]2, [a]4, [a]7, [a]8, b4, d4, and g1 wanting. Title devised by cataloger from content. Almost certainly published in Paris by Simon Vostre, whose characteristic illustrations and decorations are present throughout. Date of printing inferred from presence of a metal-cut illustration of Anna Selbdritt with emblems of the Virgin Mary and images from the border cycle Caesar's triumph, both by the workshop of Jean Pichore and both first used by Vostre in 1506. Cf. Tenschert & Nettekoven, Horae B.M.V., v. 1, p. 122-128, 339-344. Signatures: [a]⁸ b-c⁸ d⁴ [e]⁸ f-o⁸ p⁴ [ã̈]⁸ ẽ⁸ ĩ⁸ [Maltese cross]⁸. Only the first leaf of each gathering is signed, except for leaves [a]1, [e]1 and [ã]1 (all unsigned). Median(?) octavo. Leaf b1r: 21 lines; area of text: 102 x 60 mm., within printed decorative borders (148 x 94 mm.). Leaves [Maltese cross]1r-8v: 27 lines. With signatures; without foliation or catchwords. Use of Soissons indicated by "so" printed in tail margin of recto of first leaf of gatherings [e]-p. Initial spaces; spaces for paragraph marks. Decoration: at least 18 full-page metal-cut illustrations, the central subject (each ca. 124 x 80 mm.) surrounded by a varying assemblage of 4-part architectural borders decorated with putti, festoons or other ornaments, most with inset printed text in the subjacent border, including: the Annunciation (by Jean Pichore's workshop; f. [e]1r), Augustus and the Tiburtine sibyl (by Jean Pichore's workshop; f. f3v), the Nativity (by Jean Pichore's workshop?; f. g2r), the annunciation of Christ's birth to the shepherds (by Jean Pichore's workshop; f. g5v), the adoration of the shepherds (by the Master of the Apocalypse Rose; f. g6r), the adoration of the Magi (by the Master of the Apocalypse Rose; f. g8v), the presentation of Christ in the temple (by the Master of the Apocalypse Rose; f. h3r), the massacre of the Innocents (by Jean Pichore's workshop; f. h5v), the death of the Virgin Mary (by Jean Pichore's workshop?; f. i2r), Christ carrying the cross (by Jean Pichore's workshop; f. i6v), Pentecost (by the Master of the Apocalypse Rose?; f. k2r), David and Uriah (by Jean Pichore's workshop; f. k4v), the death of Uriah (by the Master of the Apocalypse Rose; f. k5r), Lazarus at Dives's banquet (by the Master of the Apocalypse Rose; f. m4v), the Last Judgment (by the Master of the Apocalypse Rose; f. m5r), the Trinity with spiritual and temporal worthies (by the Master of the Apocalypse Rose; f. [ã]1r), Anna Selbdritt with emblems of the Virgin Mary (by Jean Pichore's workshop; f. ĩ3v), and the burial of Christ (by the Master of the Apocalypse Rose; without text in border; f. ĩ7v). Penn Libraries copy: several large cuts wanting. Remaining stubs of leaves b4 and d4 each has border element on verso associated with a full-page illustration -- probably the betrayal of Christ (f. b4v) and Tree of Jesse (f. d4v). In gathering a, leaf a1r may have contained a device of Simon Vostre; leaf a1v, an anatomical man; and leaf a8v, either the martyrdom of St. John or St. John with the poisoned cup. Cf. R. Mortimer, French 16th cent., v. 2, p. 363ff; Tenschert & Nettekoven, Horae B.M.V., v. 1, p. 345ff. Decoration: at least 30 small cuts (each 32 x 22 mm.) of figures, primarily saints, inset into text, including: St. Luke the Evangelist (f. b2r), St. Matthew the Evangelist (f. b2v), St. Mark the Evangelist (f. b3v), Virgin Mary and Christ Child (f. c3r), the Crucifixion (f. c6v), the Annunciation (f. c8r), Christ as Salvator Mundi (f. [ã]1v), Christ as Man of Sorrows (f. [ã]2r), Pentecost (f. [ã]2v), St. Veronica (f. [ã]3r), St. Michael the Archangel (f. [ã]3v), martyrdom of St. John the Baptist (f. [ã]4r), St. John boiled in oil (f. [ã]4v), Sts. Peter and Paul (f. [ã]5r), St. James the Greater (f. [ã]5r), martyrdom of St. Stephen (f. [ã]6r), martyrdom of St. Lawrence (f. [ã]6v), St. Christopher (f. [ã]6v), martyrdom of St. Sebastian (f. [ã]7v), St. Nicholas (f. [ã]8v), St. Claudius (f. ẽ1r), St. Anthony (f. ẽ1v), St. Anne and the Virgin Mary (f. ẽ2r), St. Mary Magdalene (f. ẽ2v), martyrdom of St. Catherine (f. ẽ3r), St. Margaret (f. ẽ3r), St. Barbara (f. ẽ3v), St. Apollonia (f. ẽ4r), St. Genevieve (f. ẽ4v), and St. Gregory the Great (f. ĩ2v). Some of these cuts reappear as border elements on other leaves. Decoration: text pages within a variety of decorative and historiated wood- and metal-cut borders printed from 5-8 separate blocks, most from topical or narrative image cycles and many with inset printed captions in French or Latin. The following cycles are attributed to the Master of the Apocalypse Rose: tasks and astrological symbols associated with each month (head-edge) and activities and pastimes (bas-de-page) (f. [a]2r[?]-[a]7r[?]); the story of Joseph and his brothers (with Latin captions; f. b1r-b5v); Sibyls on criblé grounds (with Latin captions; f. b8v-c2r), the virtues, with French captions cut with the images, (fore-edge) and the seven sacraments (bas-de-page) (f. d2v-d4r[?], l8v-m2r, ẽ1r-ẽ2v); the lives of the Virgin Mary and Christ (fore-edge with Latin captions and bas-de page without captions; f. e1v-i6r); the story of Susanna (with French captions; f. k5v-k8r); the parable of the Prodigal Son (with French captions; f. k8v-l2r); the signs of the Last Judgment (fore-edge with French captions and bas-de-page without captions; f. l2v-l5r); and a Dance of Death, including many female figures, with French captions cut with the images (fore-edge), accompanied by a Job cycle (bas-de-page) (f. m5v-p3r, [Maltese cross]1r-8v). The following cycles are attributed to Jean Pichore's workshop: Caesar's triumph (with Latin captions; f. ã1v-ã7v) and miracles of the Virgin Mary (with French captions; f. ĩ4r-ĩ8v). Cf. Tenschert & Nettekoven, Horae B.M.V., v. 1, p. 126-128, 343-344. This edition should not be identified with the book of hours of the use of Soissons published by Vostre on vellum with the same almanac and a similar collation (except for the final gathering) cited in Alès (Bib. liturgique, no. 227), Bohatta (1385), Brunet (suppl., I, col. 608), Grässe (VII, p. 381), and Moreau (I, no. 79). 
 Extent:  [288] p. : ill. ; 17 cm. (8vo) 
 Subjects:  Catholic Church -- Prayers and devotions -- Early works to 1800 | Catholic Church -- Prayers and devotions -- Latin | CHR 1506 (not before) | PRO Schoenberg, Lawrence J. (donor) | Books of hours | Devotional calendars | Metal cuts | Woodcuts (prints)

 
Collection:  University of Pennsylvania 
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2Title:  Heures a lusaige de Ro[m]me: tout au long sans rie[n]s requerir auec les figures de la vie de lho[m]me & la destructio[n] de hierusale[m]   
 Alt. Title:  Book of hours   
 Creator:  Catholic Church | Pichore, Jean, fl. 1502-1520 | Anabat, Guillaume, fl. 1505-1510 | Hardouyn, Gilles, fl. 1491-1523 | Hardouyn, Germain, fl. 1500-1541 | Lothian, Philip Henry KerrMarquis of, 1882-1940 | Collins, Mary S. 
 Publication:  Par Guillaume Anabat imprimeur ... pour Gillet Hardouyn libraire ... et pour Germain Hardouyn libraire, Ont este nouuelleme[n]t imprimees a Paris, [ca. 1507] 
 Notes:  Title from title leaf (f. A1r). Imprint from colophon on f. P4v, which reads: A la louenge de dieu & de la tres glorieuse vierge marie: et de monseigneur sainct Iehan leuangeliste. Et a ledificacion de tous vrays catholicques. Ces presentes heures a lusaige de Romme tout au long sans rie[n]s requerir. Avec les figures de la vie de lhomme: et la destruction de Hierusalem ensemble. Et pareilleme[n]t les figures de lapocalipse: & plusieurs autres belles hystoires faictes a la mode de ytalie. Ont este nouvelleme[n]t Imprimees a Paris par Guillaume Anabat Imprimeur demoura[n]t en la rue sainct Ieha[n] de Beauuays a lenseigne des Co[n]nis pres les gra[n]des escolles de decret. Pour Gillet Hardouyn libraire demoura[n]t au bout du pont au cha[n]ge a lenseigne de la Rose. Et pour Germain Hardouyn libraire demourant deuant le Palays entre les deux portes a lymaige saincte Marguerite. Tout pour le mieulx. Date of printing inferred from presence of almanac for the years 1507-1520 (f. A2r-A8r) and the first appearance of the large (quarto) plates from Jean Pichore's workshop. Cf. Tenschert & Nettekoven. Signatures: A-O⁸ P⁴. Leaves A1, A2 and H2 are unsigned; leaf A3 is signed "a.iii."; leaf F4 is signed "f.iiii.". In gatherings B-I, the first leaf is signed with a majescule and the subsequent leaves with minuscules; gathering K is signed with minuscules throughout; gatherings L-P are signed with majescules throughout. Leaves B3 and H3 are missigned "b.ii." and "g.iii.", respectively. Cf. Tenschert & Nettekoven. Parchment quarto. Leaf B1r: 29 lines; area of text: 135 x 71 mm., within printed decorative borders (201 x 119 mm.). With signatures; without foliation or catchwords. "Use [of Rome] indicated by 'R' on the first leaf of signatures B-P."--Mortimer. Initial spaces; spaces for paragraph marks. Publisher's device of Gilles Hardouyn (Renouard 429) on leaf A1r: the rape of Deianira (120 x 78 mm.) within a 4-part architectural border of which the subjacent border contains the work's title. Decoration: 1 cut of anatomical man as skeleton (91 x 43 mm.) surrounded by 4 smaller cuts (35 x 17 mm.) depicting the humors accompanied by printed explanatory text; the whole within a 4-part architectural border (f. A1v). Tenschert & Nettekoven attribute the cuts to Jean Pichore's workshop. Decoration: 3 full-page metal-cut illustrations without borders (each ca. 200 x 125 mm.) by Jean Pichore's workshop: St. John boiled in oil (f. A8v), the arrest of Christ in Gethsemane (f. B3v), and the Annunciation (f. C1r). Cf. Tenschert & Nettekoven. Variants: Mortimer records instead on f. A8v a smaller cut of St. John with the poisoned cup within a 4-part architectural border of which the subjacent border contains a 2-line caption; this copy also lacks the "Vie de l'homme" border images (compare Renouard no. 65A). Renouard no. 65B also records only 2 cuts without borders: the arrest of Christ in Gethsemane (f. B3v) and the Annunciation (f. C1r). Decoration: 2 full-page metal-cut illustrations (each ca. 160 x 102 mm.) by Jean Pichore and his workshop: the flagellation of Christ, within a 4-part architectural border (f. D4v); the Virgin Mary with emblems of the Immaculate Conception, surrounded on 3 sides by architectural borders of which the subjacent border contains 3 lines of inset printed text (f. N4r). Decoration: 14 full-page metal-cut illustrations (1 repeated) by Jean Pichore and his workshop, the central subject (each ca. 122 x 79 mm.) surrounded by a varying assemblage of 4-part architectural borders decorated with putti, festoons and other ornaments, most with inset printed text in the subjacent border: the Church and 3 Virtues (f. B8v); Augustus and the Tiburtine sibyl (f. C8r); the Crucifixion (f. D5r); the death of the Virgin Mary (f. D6r); the Nativity (f. D7r); the annunciation of Christ's birth to the shepherds (f. E2r); the Adoration of the Magi (f. E5r); the presentation of Christ in the temple (f. E8r); the Flight into Egypt (f. F3r); the death of the Virgin Mary (repeated) (f. F7r); David ordering the death of Uriah (without text) (f. G7v); the death of Uriah (f. G8r); Lazarus and Dives (without text) (f. H8v); the raising of Lazarus (f. I1r). Decoration: 26 small cuts (1 repeated; each 32-42 x 22 mm.) of figures, primarily saints, most on criblé grounds: St. Luke the Evangelist (f. B1v); St. Matthew the Evangelist (f. B2r); St. Mark the Evangelist (f. B3r); God the Father as Salvator Mundi (f. L1r); Christ as Man of Sorrows (f. L1v); Pentecost (f. L1v); Archangel Michael with devil (f. L6r); St. John the Baptist (f. L6v); St. John the Evangelist (f. L6v); Sts. Peter and Paul (f. L7r); St. James the Greater (f. L7r); St. Stephen (f. L7v); St. Lawrence (f. L8r); St. Christopher with Christ Child (f. L8r); St. Sebastian with archer (f. M1r); St. Nicholas with 3 boys (f. M1v); St. Claudius (f. M2r); St. Anthony; (f. M2v); St. Anne teaching the Virgin Mary (f. M2v); St. Mary Magdalen (f. M3r); St. Catherine (f. M3v); St. Margaret (f. M3v); St. Barbara (f. M4r); St. Appollonia (f. M4v); God the Father as Salvator Mundi (repeated) (f. M8v); the Annunciation (f. N1r). Some of these cuts reappear as border elements on other leaves. Tenschert & Nettekoven attribute 5 cuts (Sts. Luke, Matthew, and Mark, Pentecost, and the Annunciation) to Jean Pichore's workshop and the rest to the circle of the Master of the Apocalypse Rose. Decoration: text pages within a variety of decorative and historiated wood- and metal-cut borders by Jean Pichore's workshop, most printed from seven separate blocks and many with inset printed captions in French or Latin. The rectos of f. C2-I8 contain images from 2 cycles (most with captions in French): the Destruction of Jerusalem (bas-de-page) and the "Vie de l'homme," a variation on the Dance of Death (fore-edge). The rectos of f. L1-L8 contain images from a Nativity cycle with captions in French. The rectos of f. M3-M8 contain images from an Apocalypse cycle (after Dürer; cf. Tenschert & Nettekoven) with captions in Latin. Following the last printed leaf are 4 contemporary ms. leaves ruled in red, decorated with illuminated initials and line-fillers in a style similar to that in the printed text, and containing an alternate set of lessons, responsories, and versicles for Matins in the hours of the Virgin; a prayer to Jesus (also known as the Fifteen Oes) often attributed to St. Bernard; prayers to Sts. Nicholas, Eustace, and Roman; and the Seven Verses of St. Bernard. For a fuller description of the ms. portion of this item, see record for: Hybrid book of hours : use of Rome. France, ca. 1507. 
 Extent:  [116] leaves : ill. ; 26 cm. (4to) 
 Subjects:  Catholic Church -- Prayers and devotions -- Early works to 1800 | Catholic Church -- Prayers and devotions -- Latin | Catholic Church -- Prayers and devotions -- French | Illumination of books and manuscripts -- Specimens | CHR 1507 (ca.) | Codices | Books of hours | Devotional calendars | Illuminations | Metal cuts | Woodcuts (prints) | Hybrid books | Printer's devices (Publishing) France Paris 16th century | Velvet bindings (Binding) 16th century | Wooden boards (Binding) 16th century

 
Collection:  University of Pennsylvania 
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