Emanuel Fellows will be awarded a stipend between $10,000 to $30,000 to be used for research in archives, oral history, or other research methods, travel for research, or time to write up research findings for an article, book, or other scholarly contributions in various formats or media. The stipend can also be used as income and salary support to provide time to conduct scholarship. Applicants must have received a Ph.D. or equivalent degree at least two years before the time of application, and may NOT be in a tenured or tenure track faculty position at a university or college nor enrolled as a student in any program of higher education. Scholars are eligible if they are independent or alternative academic scholars, meaning they have positions that do not have research expectations or offer institutional support for research in their area of expertise. They can be adjunct faculty, lecturers (if there is no research expectation), or unaffiliated with an educational institution. Applicants must be permanent residents or citizens of the United States.